CHINA-PAKISTAN: SIAMESE TERROR TWINS

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Art credit: Unknown Artist

“One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish the dictatorship” – George Orwell

BIRTH OF TERROR

The father of Communism Karl Marx once famously said “We have no compassion and we ask no compassion from you. When our turn comes, we shall not make excuses for the terror”. This statement just summarises, how terrorism and Communism go hand in hand.

The basic tenets of Marxism, formulated by Marx and Engels were presented to the world in 1848, what is probably the most powerfully written political pamphlet in history – the Communist Manifesto, followed by Das Kapital in 1867. The Marxist programme achieved its first success in Russia, in 1905-6. Russian revolution came to a culmination in October 1917, followed by the formation of the Communist Party of China(CPC) in 1921. Mao Zedong took control of CPC in 1927, led a bloody revolution, and the communist party obtained control and won the Chinese civil war in 1949.

TERROR:  A WAY OF LIFE

“There is only one way in which the murderous death agonies of the old society and the bloody birth throes of the new society can be shortened, simplified and concentrated, and that way is revolutionary terror.” – Karl Marx

Genocide, Politicide, Red Holocaust, Democide and Classicide, are numerous ways in which thinkers of their time have tried to explain the red terrorism. The hypothetical necessity to move from Capitalism to Communism are achieved by following eugenics on this long march: 1) Revolution, 2) Dictatorship of the Proletariat, 3) Destruction of the Capitalist State, 4) Liquidation of the Bourgeoisie, 5) Creation of Socialism, 6) Creation of the New Socialist Man, 7) Withering Away of the State, and 8) Emergence of Communism. The end result of these murderous steps was expressed by R J Rummel in his book ‘Death by Government’. He states 110 million people, foreign and domestic, were killed by Communist democide from 1900 to 1987. Maoist China alone destroyed between 44.5 to 72 million lives. And let’s not forget the “killing fields” of Cambodia in the 1970s. During those times communism was on a rampage and China was learning the terror techniques very fast. It was looking to partner like-minded rogue nations around the globe, and it soon found one – Pakistan.

THE FIENDISH FRIENDSHIP: CHINA – PAKISTAN

“Pakistan is China’s Israel” – General Xiong Guangkai, Deputy Chief-of-Staff, PLA.

When the first Pakistani ambassador, Major General Nawabzada Agha Mohammad Raza, presented his credentials to Mao in 1951, Mao snubbed him by stating “I have great pleasure in receiving the letter of credentials of the King of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominion”. Pakistan in its zeal and desire to be called a great power broker kept taking the insults at the hands of Chinese leadership, in a servile manner, on a regular basis. However, the uprising of Lhasa in 1959 and the Indo-China war of 1962 gave chance to Pakistan to seal the deal and become an all-weather friend of China. Pakistani ambassador to Beijing’s sycophantically declared that the relationship between the two countries is ‘”higher than the mountains, deeper than the oceans, stronger than steel, dearer than eyesight, sweeter than honey.” China very well knew the weaknesses of the Pakistani leader. It recognized that Paki Generals and Leadership suffer from DSM-5 syndrome, and exploited that condition well. In the 80’s, it psyched Pakistan about impending take over by USSR. In the 90’s they created same fear about the the USA. And through out the history of independent Pakistan, India was made the arch-rival. Pakistan had its own style and modules of terror and initially found it difficult to absorb red terror to its inventory.

PAKISTAN BREAKING THE BREAD WITH NON-BELIEVER

“We are prepared to sacrifice 300 million Chinese for the victory of the world revolution.” – Mao Zedong

Pakistani Generals and President Ayub Khan, who were used to British style short duration of wars were advised in a meeting in Beijing, by Zhou Enlai to use Guerrilla attacks on its enemies like USSR, Afghanistan, Iran, USA, and India. Zhou Enlai told them that the war is a continuous process and should be on at all times. Pakistan kept learning and improvising terror tactics. East Pakistan was the first testing ground of Paki terror factories. In 1970-71 the genocidal atrocities reached it’s pinnacle resulting in the birth of Bangladesh. The year 1978 saw the coup in Pakistan and entry of dictator Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Zia-ul-Haq adopted Wahhabism and imposed Sharia law in the country. Despite the fact that Islam is vehemently against non-believers, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan after implementing the Sharia law got even closer to a non-believer country.

Over the years, the Paki military learned the art of mixing radical Islam(read Wahhabism) with red terror tactics and created its own Frankensteins. Some of the terrorist organizations working under Inter-Service Intelligence(ISI) with the blessings of Paki Army are  Jaish-e-Mohammed, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Hizb-ul-Mujahideen, Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, Jamaat ud Dawa, Al Badr, Dukhtaran-e-Millat, Babbar Khalsa International, Khalistan Commando Force and International Sikh Youth Federation. In the Northeast India China has been actively supporting ULFA, NSCN and Naxalite outfits. Amongst some of the most wanted terrorists in the world are Masood Azhar, Hafiz Saeed, Dawood Ibrahim, Resham Singh, Gurdial Singh Lalli, Harmeet Singh, Paresh Baruah, and Yung Aung . They live and move around freely in Pakistan and China under the protection of respective armies and security agencies, mocking all international norms.

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In Picture: IC814 at Kandahar airport

Masood Azhar is the world’s most wanted terrorist. He was released by Indian authorities in exchange for 176 passengers, after his brother along with other terrorists had hijacked IC814 in 1999. Presently he lives in Pakistan. The hatred of Masood Azhar and his patrons for other religious beliefs is very evident from the Masood Azhar’s book ‘Yehud Ki Chalees Bimariyan’ (‘Forty Diseases Of The Jews’) – considered to be the most anti-Semitic book of its time in the Urdu language. Masood Azhar calls Judaism “the cancer seeping into all of humanity” and provokes “real” Muslims “to challenge all non-Muslims in the battlefield of jihad.”

Notwithstanding his extremism, Masood Azhar was warmly welcomed by Britain’s leading Islamic scholars in ’90s, where he gave hateful speeches and incited Muslims to undertake jihad and kill for the sake of Islam. Masood Azhar’s efforts paid off soon, a 24-year-old Briton from Birmingham on Christmas Day 2000 drove a car packed with explosives into an Indian army outpost, killing nine soldiers. Masood Azhar’s supporters and graduates have been involved in numerous acts of terror: the kidnap and beheading of the American journalist Daniel Pearl; the 2005 London underground bombings; an attempt to blow up a transatlantic airline through liquid bombs; the bombing of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly; an attack on the Indian Parliament; an attack on the Indian embassy in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan; an attack on the Pathankot airbase and on the Uri army camp, and last but most ghastly suicide attack and killing of 44 paramilitary forces in Pulwama. The civilized world has been trying to bring the terror perpetrator to justice but the whole process has been vetoed by China every time. March 2019 was the fourth time, and the third successive year, that China has blocked a motion to blacklist Azhar at the UN. Beijing also vetoed the move in 2009, a year after the Mumbai terror attack was carried out by militants affiliated with the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba.

China has a long history of hobnobbing with terrorist organizations. In the year 2000, Chinese ambassador to Pakistan held a meeting with Mullah Omar of the Taliban. Did the ambassador meet up with the dreaded extremist to assign him some task or he was there asking for a favor? However, for sure China hereafter abstained from voting on UN sanctions against the Taliban. In 2009-10 Chinese Communist Party(CCP) invited leaders of Jamaat-e-Islami(JI) and Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam(JUI), both Deobandi fundamentalist organizations working under the umbrella of the Taliban, to China. JI signed a memorandum of understanding(MOU) that JI would not use its activities against China. However, what JI got in return, for this favor is anyone’s guess.

Pakistan and China reward terror perpetrators on a regular basis. A recent addition to that is Pakistan’s former Intelligence Bureau chief Ijaz Shah, who helped Osama bin Laden in all his terror endeavors has been sworn in as Minister for Parliamentary Affairs on 02 April 2019, by the Paki President Arif Alvi in Islamabad.

CHINA – THE MILO MINDERBINDER OF CATCH 22

“Communism threatens your way of life, terrorism threatens your life itself”               – Joerg Colberg

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Nexus of Proliferation China-Pakistan-North Korea

Joseph Heller’s book ‘Catch22’ has many interesting characters, but First Lieutenant  Milo Minderbinder has all the attributes of China. He is the mess officer at the U.S. Army Air Corps base and he becomes obsessed with expanding mess operations and trading goods for the profits of the syndicate (in which he and everyone else “has a share”). Milo is a satire of the modern businessman, and beyond that is the living representation of Chinese Capitalism, as he has no allegiance to any country, person or principle unless it pays him and profit is generated. Milo even begins contracting missions for the enemy state, fighting on both sides in the battlefield and bombing his own squadron. He is capable of extreme self-justification by means of his own personal virtues or morals; in a way, his personality is almost sociopathic.

Characteristics of Milo Minderbinder are seen in all the leadership of China. After the 9/11 catastrophe, China despite declaring wholehearted support for the coalition forces, maintained a relationship with ‘Quetta Shura’. China assured the world that it wants peace and stability in the region but on the parallel kept supplying weapons, arms and ammunition to the Taliban. These weapons included Surface to Air Missile(SAM), Anti-Aircraft Guns, Land Mines, Rocket Propelled Grenades(RPG) and Roadside Bombs. As per a BBC report these weapons were used against coalition forces, killing thousands of soldiers. In the year 2003, China had a trade surplus of $124 billion(census.gov) with the US alone. So it was like the USA sponsoring the weapons and attacks on its own soldiers.

On the surface China maintains cordial relationship with India but secretly keeps supplying arms and weapons to Naga and Assamese terrorists in the North-East of India. The whole scam had come to light recently when a mammoth haul of such illicit weapons were caught in Bangladesh. Similar interference by China is seen on its eastern borders. China openly bullies countries like Taiwan, Vietnam, and the Philippines in the South China Sea. It’s think-tanks have threatened to sink the US aircraft carrier in the region. In an article under the pseudonym “Zhan Lue”, a Chinese strategist argued that if China “takes a little action, the so-called great Indian federation can be broken up”. He further states that Beijing “should work towards the break-up of India into 20-30 independent states with the help of friendly countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. To that, an Indian expert advised “Why not sink a few PLA Navy ships in the Indian Ocean and bring the North Arunachal Pradesh(China occupied Tibet) into the Indian fold.

CHINA-PAKISTAN: AXIS OF BENIGHTED PROLIFERATORS

“Good artists copy, great artists steal” – Pablo Picasso

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Map: Courtesy missiledefenseadvocacy.org

China, has long been recognized as the covert benefactor of Pakistan’s nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs, providing technical know-how and expertise, breaking all International ‘Non-Proliferation Laws’. In 2018, China had sold Pakistan an advanced tracking system that could boost Islamabad’s efforts to improve ballistic missiles, called multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRVs), a type of missile carrying several nuclear warheads that can be directed toward different targets, according to The South China Morning Post. In 2017 Pakistan deployed a Chinese-made low-to-medium altitude air defense system (LOMAD). In the past also China has supplied M-9, M-11 missiles and 5000 ring magnets to the nuclear weapons facility at Kahuta. And wherever it could not do things directly it used North Korea to do the needful.

PAROCHIAL LEADERS – GERRYMANDERING LEADERSHIP

Look at World War II, at Hitler’s cruelty. The more cruelty, the more enthusiasm for revolution.” – Mao Zedong

Clausewitz in war classic ‘On War’ explains why Xerxes failed in Greece and Napoleon in Russia. He explains how the leaders who show great determination as junior leaders but lose it as they rise. Conscious of the need to be decisive, they also recognize the risk entailed by a wrong decision; since they are unfamiliar with the problem now facing them, their mind loses incisiveness. The more used they had been to instant action, the more their timidity increases as they realize the dangers of the vacillation that ensnares them. And so they stare straight ahead, listening to no one, fearing distractions, clinging to command even as it leads them into disaster. Thereby confirming the high-altitude rarity of common sense(common sense is indeed like oxygen; the higher you go the thinner it gets).

This is the exact state of mind of Pakistani and Chinese leadership today. They are clinging to power, ignoring the requirements of the populace of their respective countries and the region since they got busy in creating monsters and furthering their personal agendas. In the bargain their condition has become like a dog who catches cars but never knows what to do with it. Their grammar has become their logic and they got blinded in the rage to destroy all else around them, be it countries or people, and reign supreme.

The American economist and sociologist Thorstein Veblen once famously stated: “The thief or swindler who has gained great wealth by his delinquency has a better chance than the small thief of escaping the rigorous penalty of the law”. That is the exact situation we have in hand when it comes to China, Pakistan and North Korea. China is disingenuously using Pakistan and N Korea to blackmail the world. Had it been a smaller country in place of China, and if that country was stealing the intellectual property, nuclear, and missile technology from the West and then proliferating it to Pakistan and North Korea, it would have been cause célèbre, and that country would have been hit with such severe sanctions that it would have shaken to its core. However, here we have China doing the exact same thing, and the West is quiet. The reason is simple, business interests are bigger than national interests. The West has made China ‘être plus royaliste que le roi’.

Credits:

1. Death by Government – RJ Rummel

2. Black Book of Communism – Stéphane Courtoisto

3. Red Holocaust – Steven Rosefielde

4. On Grand Strategy – John Lewis Gaddis

5. The China-Pakistan Axis – Andrew Small

6. On War – Carl Von Clausewitz

7. nor.org

8. Wikipedia.com

9. census.gov

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242 thoughts

  1. Pakistan has been one of the states of the US for long, living in the leavings in its plate.😥 Now it is doing the same for China. Both roles were due to its hatred for India and religious bigotry – it’s two parents. It will live on in hatred.

    1. Thank you so much for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. All the best for your project and a salute to your spirit.

    1. Dear DeMent, thank you so much for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. I much appreciate it. Leading countries of the world are not realizing the gravity of the situation or rather choosing to ignore it. I have nothing against Chinese people. They are very hardworking and diligent, but the kind of power that country is going to wield, over the world in the future, gives me shudders. You have a very wonderful site full of amazing and mesmerizing pictures.

    1. Dr. King I am already following your blog. You have a wonderful blog and I have just given a review.
      insightful.co.in

  2. thank you so much man for following on my blog. i was wonder, if you can comments on my blog please and tell other people about my blog, and tell them to comments, like and following me on my blog as well.

  3. America and China are now undergoing a trade war in the era of Trump. How do you think the resolution of this conflict might alter the governmental abuses described above?

    1. Dear James, thank you very much for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. If Thucydides’ prophecy was correct then this is not a trade war between America and China but a struggle to control the future of the world. Nixon in his zeal to stop USSR propped up China in the 70s. America forgot that they were not dealing with Germany or Japan post-war under the Marshall Plan. So I don’t see any changes in China and Pakistan till the time Communists and military rule these countries respectively.

    1. Dr King,
      I just wanted to let you know that my experience is that it does not work, if you
      * pester people to promote you 5 times in a row (as you did here),
      * dominate people to follow you,
      * or beg for followers as you do after each of your posts.

      People follow you when they are like-minded and there is nothing you can do to accelerate that.
      And after all, you don’t want just mindless robots following you, but people who really are interested in your content.

      I for example don’t follow you, not because I don’t like you (else I would have not given you my tips),
      but simply because I don’t have the resources to read many blogs, so I follow hardly anyone. That is nothing personal at all against you.

      I hope this helps, and I with you all the best.

      1. I suppose many people, in the beginning, do so but realize it’s futility once they have settled down. A piece of advice from a seasoned blogger is always helpful for newbies.

      2. I ok hear you, I just want people to follow me on my blog and lik and comments on all of my posts. I write a lot of amazing things. So please follow me on my blog please,

    1. Pakistan is well aware of the persecution of Uighur Muslims, but the bigger dichotomy is that China doesn’t follow any religion and for a Muslim state to have a relationship with a nonbeliever(Dahariya) is haram. Pakistan made a big hue and cry over the issue of Rohingya Muslims of Myanmar but conveniently avoided the topic of Uighurs.

    1. How are you people doing? I hope, all my blogger friends are doing fine and helping out the people in need.

  4. Thanks for following my site and for your likes of my articles. I appreciate the awareness of world situations that you are bringing to the attention of the people who follow your writings. Please have a very good day.

  5. Very well written piece, thank you. This is something the youth in the U.S. need to read, and all those who are pushing towards socialism in America. My friend from Slovakia lived through all of this as well, and says if Americans only knew the dangers of socialism and how it leads to communism. Thank you for writing this.God bless! 😊

    1. Thank you so much, Malinda, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. I became such a big admirer of George Orwell, for sensing and writing about where the world is heading, way back in the year 1949. Humanity has survived and would continue to do so, but it would thrive only if one can think freely and question the authorities without fear.

  6. Ohh, I was totally unaware that Masood Azhar even wrote a book. Training and teaching is going on to bring up more terrorists and then a book adds to this!

    1. Thank you, Sneha for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. There are people who have written manuals on terrorism, Masood Azhar is just one of them. It’s an industry, and with time has become very well organized and systematic.

    1. Thank you so much, Daniel, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. Yes, indeed the world is very vast and keeping a track of every regional complexity is humanly not possible. That is why we are here to gain from each other’s knowledge and experience.

    2. Thanks once again.
      My latest article “A War is Coming”, on my blog. Kindly give your views and comments.

    1. Thank you so much for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. I echo your sentiment and in fact, that reflects in your writing too.

    1. Thank you so much, Martina, for appreciation. I am not getting much time to write more articles at present though. You also have a wonderful blog and I am going to follow it closely.

      1. Warm wishes to you and your family Harbans. I hope the New Year bestows you with the utmost glory and mīmāmsā.

      2. I heartily reciprocate the sentiments expressed by you. I pray to God to graces you will everything that you aspire in life. I am obviously not a person of the stature you’ve annotated. I am simply a simple soul with not much needs but despite not much feel grateful to God for His mercies. Regards.

  7. Happy Holidays. I hope you continue writing your seemingly factual blog. I refuse to bow down to the political spins portraying world events in today’s world.

    1. Thank you, James, for stopping by. Yes indeed the world is more chaotic today, or maybe we are more aware of the world manifestations. However, it empowers us to stand up to the wrongdoings in our small but significant ways. I am unable to write due to my preoccupation with a very significant project. Have a fabulous Christmas and New Year ahead.

  8. Pak-China axis is for containing India for containing and also to decelerate the influence of India in not only in Indian neighborhood but also the countries which have common borders with China. For realizing this, it is also encircling India; bringing Nepal, Bangla Desh, Sri Lanka with Pakistan has become a colony in clear terms. Pakistan has taken loan from China which it cannot pay that is why it is leasing parts of its territory to China. To spite India, it had given part of POK and presently allowed the tpt.connectivity for trade through POK.

    Pakistan raises hue and cry when there is something goes wrong India without taking into cognizance what is happening to Muslims in China – they are in detention camp or refinement camps. Yet, both these countries have tacit or sometimes open support for each other in enhancing their agendas for ignoring episodes in each countries and China went a step further in favouring Pak’s terrorists in UNO even.

    Your write-up is really an eye-opener for us all.

    WITH REGARDS

    1. Thank you so much, Harbans for the detailed analysis, which shows your in-depth understanding of the subject. Pakistan is an irritant in the Chinese armor, which has been used time and again, against India, and it would remain so. While we should be aware of Pakistani designs, it is China, which India has to be prepared for at any given time.

      1. Affirmative, China has to be taken care of since the lessons learnt in 1962 war should form part of our strategy. Be prepared, use all the elements of war materials which we are presently having – in that war we did not use our AF which cost us very dearly.

        Thanks and regards

      2. Absolutely correct, Harbans. Not using Air Force was such a blunder, and that turned the tide in China’s favor. Nehru made a similar mistake that Prithvi Raj Chauhan had made with Ghori by pardoning him after winning the war. He overlooked the fact that he was not dealing with a civilized tribe but uncouth barbarians. While fulfilling his ‘Dharma’ he forgot that looking after and saving the populace under him is also his ‘Dharma’. Once again that changed the course of history forever.

  9. For me, this article has been deeply disturbing, though highly enlightening. Are there solutions? How can rationale people combat this terror, this radical approach to governing? Where do we start and how? We have an impulsive, uneducated man a the helm of our American government, and two many who support him. We can vote, we can be better at local government, but do we have the time to advert more terror, more war? I am at a loss. Thank you for this incredible article.

    1. Kathy, hope is the only hope today. All over the world political, religious or business leaders are one and the same. They want to control people. They make us worried. They make us worry about age, God, health, smartphones, water, oil, food and just about everything else. If we are calm, we are happy, if we are happy then we are comfortable and if we are comfortable then we are not worried. Leaders do not like that a bit. So let’s wait and watch. Hopefully, better sense will prevail and things would cool down.

    1. Yes, Tim, the whole scenario is so complex and messed up, that one starts wondering what next, where are we heading. Thanks for stopping by.

      1. I’d read the article earlier and it’s an insight that’s worth it. The dynamics are changing so fast that one can only think if this is not the third world war what is it? Everyone who doesnt want a war can rest on their oars because none of that ‘peace’ counts anymore. The problem is many people underestimate the downfall of The United States, in which case Iran is regarded as a backward puppet regime not worth a dime and flattened by drones, missiles and boots on the ground, however, the fall of the Roman Empire began on the day the Vandals entered Rome, who had destroyed their homeland and had turned Vandals into warmongers and mercenaries. A dose of the truth from Shakespearean drama: how are the mighty fallen.

      2. It’s sometimes overwhelming and exciting to interact with a person who has knowledge and flair, Tim. And you are one of them. If you have read my earlier articles, I have echoed similar sentiments that you just displayed in your adumbration. The following lines of George Orwell are as much true as much they were 70 years back.
        War is Peace
        Freedom is Slavery
        Ignorance is Strength
        — George Orwell, 1984

    1. China is an upcoming Power, our neighbor and going to be the largest economy in the world. The rise of China would not be peaceful. So as Indians if we do not start thinking about it today, we could have a repeat of the same conditions which happened when Turks, Mongols, Dutch, Portuguese, French, and English started plundering and occupying our land, exploiting our weaknesses. Thank you for sharing your thoughts.

      1. Yes, indeed. The Coronavirus pandemic has been started by them, and the whole world is suffering, because of that.

    1. Thank you so much, Shehanne, for stopping and following the blog. I see you have a wonderful site and a great fan following.

  10. I well remember Catch 22, and am now reading: Simone de Beauvoir’s ‘The Mandarins’ which takes place in Paris at the end of WWII, when their intellectuals were looking for a ‘better’ political system and seriously considering Communism. If you have the time, a good read.

    1. Thanks for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. I started reading ‘Catch22’, 30 years back, but couldn’t go beyond 50 pages, I threw the book away, 7 times, but 8th time I went beyond 50 pages, and couldn’t put it down. It’s a crazy book which goes deep into principium individuationis. I use it in real life to relate to many characters. My favorite character is ‘Milo Minderbinder’. Regards.

  11. The depth of the Pakistan- China axis and it’s impact on the global geopolitics has been very well highlighted.

    Your blog is a great source for understanding the nuances of geopolitics.

    1. Thank you so much, Hardik, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. Indeed, correctly brought out by you, the depth of nexus was worrisome until some time back. Today Pakistan is a basket case for China and it is trying to distance itself from its one-time all-weather friend. Both the countries’ leadership and armed forces(especially the army) have betrayed the populace of their respective countries’, time and again. The benighted state of both countries is amply clear with the recent spate of manifestations in these two countries.

  12. So much in the name of “International Diplomacy”. There are no permanent friends and foes in Intenrational politics.
    Yet, due to increasing belligerence and offensive policy adopted under Modi Led NDA, China and Pakistan have become much more uncomfortable.
    India would also need to be clever and follow a foreign policy best suited to its interests and not care much about any “ideological” baggage.
    And currently Israel looks to be our best friend.

    1. I suppose after Indira Gandhi, Modi is another Prime Minister, who has an understanding of world affairs and diplomacy. However, only contrast is that Indira Gandhi was not liked by many world leaders, whereas when astute Modi speaks, they stop and listen. You have correctly brought out, there are no permanent friends and foes in world diplomacy. The neighboring countries around the world do not get along, and India is no exception to that. Pakistan would always remain a nuisance, China a challenge, and surely there would be no ménage-a-trios kind of arrangement, ever. We have to develop a completely different kind of strategy to deal with China, else we are trapped in a cul-de-sac.
      Thank you so much for stopping by and sharing your thoughts.

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