PAKISTAN: A COUNTRY OF SANGUINARY FOOLS

B30127B7-B67C-440F-A8D5-BCF6A97B399FArt Credit: Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection, Brown University Library.

“A blunder ought never to be perpetrated to avoid war, because it is not to be avoided, but is only deferred to your disadvantage”                                                        The Prince by Niccolò Machiavelli

The False Start

The premise of Pakistan’s independence and existence is based on a false notion, overconfidence, and misplaced priorities. The founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, separated from India on the basis of religion. However soon after separation, in his desire to be a world-class statesman he declared that Pakistan would be a country for all religions. In the Presidential address to the first Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, on 11 August 1947, Jinnah perorated: “Islam and its idealism have taught us democracy. It has taught equality of man, justice and fair play to everybody. In any case, Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission.” That false dream came crashing down within no time. Pakistan was a dictatorship by 1958 and within 30 years of the creation of it was following Sharia Law and Wahabi Islam. General Mohammad Ziaul Haq, military dictator of Pakistan, in his speech to the nation on taking over power on July 5, 1977, on the hoof, stated “Pakistan, which was created in the name of Islam, will continue to survive only if it stays with Islam. That is why I consider the introduction of an Islamic system as an essential prerequisite for the country.” With this, an unstable and volatile country was out of the frying pan and into the fire. In short period of 72 years of Pakistan’s history, it has seen four dictators namely Muhammed Ayub Khan(1958-1969), Yahya Khan(1969-1971), Muhamed Zia-ul-Haq(1978-1988), and Pervez Musharraf(2001-2008) and remains a military controlled sham democracy till to date. Let us analyze why Pakistan is what it is.

Stockholm  Syndrome or a Country in Denial

“The Islamic conquest of India is probably the bloodiest story in history”                       – Will Durant, American Historian

The very area where Pakistan is today is known as the cradle of civilization. This has a deep, long cultural history. Hinduism began there around 2,300 BC. As per Koenraad Elst, a Belgian orientalist and Indologist, this culture had evolved impressive intellectual, religious and artistic pursuits. Pre and post the early days of Islam, Indian scholars took their works in science, maths (zero, algebra, geometry, the decimal system), medicine, philosophy etc to the courts of others nations. Students from other countries came to study in India’s established universities. Indian children (boys and girls) were educated in the relatively widespread education system in a wide variety of subjects eg science, medicine and philosophy. India’s art and architecture were magnificent. They were a prosperous people. Then came Islam – slaughter, slavery, rape, violence, pillage; destruction of religious sites, art and architecture; poverty, exploitation, humiliation, famine, forced conversion, the decline in intellectual pursuits, social destruction and a worsening of social ills.

The 16th Century Persian traveler Ferishta lists that the biggest slaughters took place during the raids of Mahmud Ghaznavi (1000); during the actual conquest of North India by Mohammed Ghori and his lieutenants (1192); and under the Delhi Sultanate (1206-1526). Well-known Indian historian and Prof. K.S. Lal once estimated that the Indian population declined by 50 million under Delhi Sultanate. However, why we are discussing this here. What this has to do with Pakistan? The answer lies with the location of present-day Pakistan since the brunt of this genocide was borne by this very area. Mahmud of Ghazni, Qutb-ud-Din Aibak, Balban, Mohammed bin Qasim, and Sultan Mohammad Tughlak affected the psyche of this whole area so badly that they started identifying themselves with the very perpetrators who had killed, plundered, raped and forcibly converted their ancestors to Islam. Such was the effect of those illiterate and uncivilized savages on the people who were forced to convert to Islam that they started revering them as their heroes and mistook their brutality as bravado. The psychological impact has been so grave that Pakistan has named most of their missiles after these savage bandits i.e. Ghauri, Ghaznavi and Babur etc. The desire to emulate those barbarians continues in today’s Pakistan.

In its desire to be identified with Arabs and Turks, the Pakistani establishment continues to pollute the minds of its younger generation with completely cooked up history. A Textbook of Pakistan Studies by M. D. Zafar states following about Pakistan: “Pakistan came to be established for the first time when the Arabs led by Muhammad bin Qasim occupied Sindh and Multan in 711AD. Pakistan under the Arabs comprised the Lower Indus Valley. During the 11th century, the Ghaznavid Empire comprised what is now Pakistan and Afghanistan. During the 12th century, the Ghaznavids lost Afghanistan and their rule came to be confined to Pakistan. By the 13th century, Pakistan had spread to include the whole of Northern India and Bengal. Under the Khiljis Pakistan moved further South to include a greater part of Central India and the Deccan. During the 16th century, ‘Hindustan’ disappeared and was completely absorbed in Pakistan”. The country doesn’t allow any discussion on Moenjodaro and the Indus Valley civilization, Aryan civilization, Mahabharata in which Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa play important roles, the Brahmin religion, a thousand years of Buddhism with its universities and the Gandharan civilization which was spread throughout present-day Pakistan.

Similar blatant lies in Pakistani history textbooks continue about the events that are still in the whole world’s living memory. Among the many examples which stand out are the events of defeats of Pakistan having been glorified as victories in the wars of 1965 and 1971 with India and demonization of Hindus and Sikhs for the partition carnage of 1947. These fraudulent facts are ridiculed by Pakistan’s own intelligentsia.

In Harms Way

“A fools Paradise is a wise man’s Hell”                                                                                      – Thomas Fuller, English Historian

Pakistan started showing its malevolent intent on its own populace, especially on the people of Eastern Pakistan(present-day Bangladesh) Sindh, and Balochistan soon after their inclusion in the Union. Declaration of Urdu as national language resulted in the ‘Bengali Language Movement’. Bengalis also felt under-defended during the Indo-Pak war of 1965. They saw Pakistan favoring Kashmir over East Pakistan(Bangladesh). Bengalis were abhorred to see amble pace of help after the Supercyclone of late 1970 from central government. The schism was building up and came to the fore when Paki dictator Yahya Khan nullified the December 1970 general election won by Awami League led by Sheikh Mujibur Rehman. The abomination of Western Pakistanis was intense for Bengalis. West Pakistan considered the people of the East to be second-class citizens. General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, who served as head of the Pakistani Forces in East Pakistan in 1971, referred to the region as a “low-lying land of low-lying people”.

The most controversial president of the United States, Richard Nixon, had created many Frankensteins during his tenure and Asia is still paying the price for them. Pakistan is one of that preeminent example amongst many. Nixon’s fondness for Pakistani Generals and hatred for Indians and Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, in particular,  resulted in the loss of lives of 3,000,000 Bengali people and rape of 400,000 Bengali women by the Western Pakistani troops.

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Bangla Genocide: Massacre at Dhaka University by Pak Army, 1971

A similar feeling was amongst Baloch nationals, of being left out, slighted and insulted by Punjabi dominated Pakistani political system. Balochistan is a mineral-rich province, and has nearly $1 trillion worth of iron, copper and cobalt deposits. Despite that Balochistan remains most backward and impoverished in the region. There have been five uprisings by Baloch nationals, ever since Balochistan consented to join Pakistan. Over 18,000 Balochs have gone missing or killed by the Pakistani army in the recent past.

The Sindhi and Muhajir(Urdu speaking migrants) narratives also go on similar lines. They never got their full due, were treated badly, and were made to feel lesser martial race than Punjabi race. Muhajir student leader Altaf Hussain started Muttahida Qaumi Movement(MQM) in 1978, to get Muhajirs their rightful place in Pakistan. After an attempt on his life, Hussain fled to London in 1992 and applied for political asylum. He continues his political struggle from London till to date. Over 6,000 Muhajirs have lost their lives at the hands of the security forces of their own country.

Grandiosity in Afghanistan 

“A bully hides his fear with fake bravado. This is the opposite of self-assertiveness” Nathaniel Branden – Canadian–American psychotherapist

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Photo credit – rferl.org – Mass Grave: Afghanistan 1990

The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in December 1979 to prop up the Marxist regime that had come to power the previous year but which appeared to be on the verge of collapse. Unlike the Soviet invasions of Eastern Europe, their forces encountered prolonged resistance in Afghanistan. This gave Pakistan the opportunity to counter the notion of a greater Pashtunistan and Indian and Soviet influences in Afghanistan. Pakistan’s role was very significant in the provision of guerrilla training, weapons,  and funds to the mujahideen. Pakistan’s Inter-Service Intelligence agency, the ISI, operated training camps in the country’s tribal areas in collaboration with the CIA. The recruitment of fighters was not an issue as the ideological campaign for jihad launched by the Zia regime in partnership with religious political parties served this purpose. Finally, Gorbachev realized the futility of the presence of Soviet forces in Afghanistan terming it ‘bleeding wound’. The Soviet forces withdrew and left Afghanistan by February 1989.

The Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan created a few misconceptions in the Pakistani establishment’s mind. They assumed that USSR suffered a massive defeat at the hands of mujahideen trained by Pak army and CIA. The reality is, the Afghan mujahideen did not defeat the Soviets on the battlefield. They won some important encounters, but lost others. In sum, neither side defeated the other. The Soviets could have remained in Afghanistan for several more years but they decided to leave when Gorbachev calculated that the war had become a stalemate. Pakistan started taking unnecessary pride that they have defeated a superpower. They are selling the same misconception to their populace till to date.

In the brutal nine-year conflict, an estimated one million civilians were killed, as well as 90,000 Mujahideen fighters, 18,000 Afghan troops, and 14,500 Soviet soldiers. Over one million Afghan civilians lost their lives in the war they never asked for.

Sapt-Sindhava – Punjab

“Men should be either treated generously or destroyed, because they take revenge for slight injuries” – Niccolo Machiavelli 

The Richard Nixon administration in the US had initiated a “covert action plan” in collusion with General Yahya Khan’s government in Pakistan in 1971 to encourage a separatist movement in Punjab, India. By providing military support and modern sophisticated weapons to the Sikh extremists, the Pakistani ISI caused a large number of casualties in Punjab. AK-47 provided by ISI was primarily used by the militants as an ideal weapon in their guerilla warfare. The extremist violence had started with targeting of the Nirankaris and followed by an attack on the government machinery and the Hindus. Ultimately the Sikh terrorists also targeted other Sikhs with opposing viewpoints. This led to the loss of public support and the militants were eventually brought under control of law enforcement agencies by 1993. Over 30,000 Indians lost their lives in this separatist movement on behest of Pakistan.

Pakistan’s Lost Paradise – Jammu and Kashmir 

“A brother who can be a great support frequently turns an enemy to his brother”   An ancient Kashmiri proverb

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Jammu and Kashmir(J&K) has been ruled by many Indian dynasties from time immemorial. Maurya Empire, Gupta Empire, Mughal Empire, Kushan Empire, Karkota Empire, and Sikh Empire are some of the recent examples of Indian kings ruling Kashmir. After the breakup of the British Raj in the subcontinent, the Maharaja of J&K executed an ‘Instrument of Accession’ on 26 October 1947 to be part of India. It is the similar move what Balochistan had done while joining Pakistan. For some strange reason Pakistan has not been able to accept this. The self-proclaimed demagogue of the Muslims world’s misbegotten idea of Kashmir has a dual nature. At the time of Independence Pakistan added letter K to the acronym PAKISTAN, claiming it to be part of its dominion. However, when it is questioned about its involvement in the insurgency in J&K, the Pakistani government refutes the claim, stating that it is an endogenous freedom struggle, which they support morally. Pakistan knows it well that it cannot take J&K by force or by the involvement of a third-party nation. Therefore they have opted to employ the same techniques of guerrilla warfare, what it had employed in Afghanistan. The end result of Pakistan’s misadventures is the loss of over 47,000 lives in the last 30 years. Pakistan sponsored terrorism also displaced over 300,000 Pundits(the original sons of the soil) from their ancestral domain to various refugee camps all over North India.

A Manichean Generation 

“Human are greedy creatures who only feign civility. Given the slightest chance they will steal plunder and bully” – ‘Leviathan’ by Thomas Hobbes

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, architect of the country’s atomic programme in an interview with the Manchester Guardian in 1965 stated “if India built the nuclear bomb, we will eat grass, even go hungry, but we will get one of our own”. Pakistan is on the brink of eating grass. It’s economy is in shambles, foreign reserves are down to abysmal levels and businesses are shutting down at breakneck speed. Pakistan’s ‘bleed India with a thousand cuts’ policy—while denying that such a policy exists—is in shambles. It has forced its generations onto a vengeful cul-de-sac.

Pakistan has long been a difficult and disruptive neighbor to Afghanistan, India, and Iran. It hopes to limit India’s influence in Afghanistan. It cultivates radical groups within Afghanistan as proxies and treats it as Pakistan’s own backyard. It has augmented Afghanistan’s instability by providing intelligence, weapons, and protection to the Afghan Taliban and the Haqqani network. Pakistan is also afraid of a strong Afghan government aligned with India, potentially helping to encircle Pakistan.

The Taliban with the blessings of ISI is a harder target than al-Qaida, because it often operates in major Pakistani cities like Quetta and Karachi. Today ISI has become the biggest drug trafficker in the world. Drugs earnings from the western countries in addition to counterfeit products, and charities spread all across Pakistan are the main source of terror funding.

General Hideki Tojo, of Japan, was tried and awarded life sentence for war crimes of World War II, wherein Japanese forces slaughter 3 million Chinese, Koreans, Malaysians, Indonesians, Filipinos,  and Indochinese. Augusto Pinochet, the Chilean dictator was accused of only 3095 deaths, but still, he was put under house arrest at London on “Universal Jurisdiction. Depraved Pakistani Generals and politicians have the blood of over million human beings on their hands. Time has come to choke the source of terror funding and bringing these Pakistanis to the books. Bringing them to the international court of justice is the only hope to save the region and getting peace to millions of souls.

Credits:

1. The China-Pakistan Axis – Andrew Small

2. Blood Telegram – Gary J. Bass

3. Anushay Malik and Rubina Saigol of Dawn, Pakistan

4. cfr.org

5. wikipedia.org

6. booksfacts.com

7. cato.com

8. brookings.edu

9. Negationism in India: Concealing the record of Islam – Koenraad Elst

10. The legacy of Muslim Rule in India – Prof K. S. Lal

 

 

 

 

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270 thoughts

    1. Thanks for stopping by. The figures quoted are for what the Japanese were charged in the International Criminal Court.

  1. A great article in a chronological sequence starting from ancient history to today’s world with accuracy of data and facts ..

    Depth of this article surpasses few of such articles available otherwise on this particular topic.

    Bold unbiased to the point article..
    Worth reading in detail line by line..

    Thanks to the writer for investing time and thoughts in putting this great article…

  2. Thanks for a Comprehensive account of the political psyche of Pakistan. Is it that the country is being manipulated by the big powers? You have not covered the Chinese role and its interests! With no tranquility insight in the country in the foreseeable future, all its neighbors are destined to bleed both economically as well as physically!

    1. Thanks for stopping by and reflecting your thought. I did not dwell up China since that’s my upcoming article and this one would have become too long for readers to comprehend. So just concentrated on Pakistan and its deeds. Regards.

  3. The only solution to this issue is to do a La Bangladesh in Balochistan. Prop up Sindhis against the Punjabis and widen the fault lines of Pakhtunwa. The situation is going to worsen with the Chinese and Saudis moving in.

    1. Well said AK. The situation is very complex there. Ever since I have started writing lots of people in know how have started giving inputs.

  4. Very interesting read…. and a good research.

    Congratulations for the holistic approach to bring in all facts under one article… keep up the good work…. looking forward for more.

    Ramki Chennai

  5. I always like your detailed analysis. Can I ask a question, which I hope would not be intrusive, what do you do?
    Are you a journalist, a professor or a diplomat😊

    1. Thank you so much, Abhay for your kind words. Let me know your email id I would let you know who I am.

  6. I really loved your article…especially at this piont of time when we hear a lot of things which hardly have credibility or authenticity….I really enjoyed it, I have been studying a lot of history these days and this article has a lot of relevant information…thanks for this enlightenment and some of the quotes were really very good😊😊

  7. Excellent article and Analysis . We have so many articles written by leftists that twist the truth to make the victim the aggressor . This is clean blunt and factual.

    The coming generations need to know the truth as it is . Not pigmented versions of it . Great read

    1. Thank you so much for stopping by and giving your views. Appreciation coming from an acclaimed expert is an honor and delightful.

  8. A very well chronicled article on the mess that is Pakistan. A few inputs, Jinnah passed away in 1948 and Liaqat Ali Khan was assassinated in in 1951, Khwaja Nazimudiin was dissmissed in an alleged coup by Army Chief Ayub Khan in collusion with the Governor General in 1953 and by 1954 Gen Ayub Khan was the defence Minister and Commander-in-Chief of the Pak Army. By 1958 three more PMs had been sacked till Ayub Khan wrested power in a coup. Therefore, unlike India that had a very stable political leadership which allowed democratic institutions to grow and a strong polity to emerge, Pakistan could not develop its civilian leadership and developed into a state owned by the Army. The Pak Army has also maintained a credible but false narrative that it is the protector of Pakistan and to escape sanctions has allowed civilian rule intermittently for short durations and then discredited the civilian PM and removed him/her. This narrative has continued till date. There are other events of partition, like the annexation of Junagadh by India, Afghanistan’s sole negative vote in UN against the admission of Pakistan to the organisation in 1947 and the annexation of Balochistan by Pakistan, that are less discussed but caused deep rooted mistrust between India and Pak. Also the name Pakistan stands for an acronym coined by Rahmat Ali in 1930s, it represented the homeland for 30 million muslims comprising of 5 states of India namely, Punjab, North-West Frontier Province (Afghan), Kashmir, Sind and Balochistan.

    Your article is perfectly timed and very informative, kudos to you and looking to the next part dealing with Chinese influence on Indo-Pak relations.

    1. Thank you so much, Atul for stopping by and doing an in-depth analysis. Such amazing and mostly ignored facts you have brought out, that it would become delightful reading for any individual who follows history or geopolitics of the region.

  9. Thank you for posting such an informative article. Its so detailed and still well written and non repetative!

    1. Thank you so much, Sanchita for your kind words. We live in such a world where the normal populace is forced to believe the false propaganda and forget the truth.

  10. An article well researched and written.
    A fairly clear account of the events and ideologies that have brought the nations and people of our subcontinent to our current volatile situation.

    A follow up article from the author,on the best way forward for the people and political leadership of both countries,to move in the right direction,albeit gradually,would make for an interesting read.

    1. Thank you so much, Devdhar for your succinct review. The South Asian region has the potential to be the most volatile region in the world. The untethered quest of Pak army to keep their control over the country’s political system and putting the gullible populace on a cul-de-sac is a never-ending story.

    1. Thank you, Tanvir for taking your time out and appreciation. As you have brought out, it is very important for people to know the facts and distance themselves from fiction. That was my aim, hope I could do some justice.

  11. Interesting Article.. I had to sit back and read patiently.. I agree with the fact that they wanted the entire nation to be devoted to Islam.. Shame on the dictators be it is the emperors or officials who ruled after independence….. pity for the people who live there blamed and hated because of few bastards..

    1. Thank you so much, Chiru for stopping by and giving detailed feedback. You have so rightly brought out, how for the actions of a few whole generations have to suffer and go through trepidation.

  12. Well documented. One wonders what the solutions are. Sometimes the temporary resting point is such that it will always be a contentious issue. Kashmir is a case I point.

    1. Thank you so much, Ankur for stopping by and sharing your views. Surely Kashmir is the issue, but it is not for the sake of Kashmiri people but for the existence of Pak army. Their regular army task is done by terrorists so to prove their worth army needs a cause and Kashmir is one Frankenstein, created for the same cause.

    1. Thank you so much, Anna, for stopping by and kind words. Hope to continue doing justice to such a vast subject in today’s complex world.

  13. Thank you for the remarkable historical account of Pakistan, sandomina. Its geographical location between the sea and the mountains dramatically displays Pakistan’s importance through the ages. I hadn’t realized the extent of depravity that exists there. The interplay of religious fundamentalism, the decadence of imperial arrogance, the dearth of leaders, the infamy. You’ve done a magnificent job at weaving the fabric so well. Splendid work indeed!

    1. Thank you so much, Bill, for sparing your time and kind words. Appreciation coming from a polymath, who has a vast knowledge of geopolitics and history of the region is an honor. It would be my endeavor to keep doing justice to the subject. Regards.

      1. I’m grateful for the kind words and for the distinct and humbling honor of your readership. Geopolitical maneuverers are subtle chess-piece movers who deflect attention from their sleights of hand. Your blog lives up to its name quite genuinely, it is full of insight. Kindest regards.

      2. Thanks for visiting again. Would be eagerly waiting for your review on my next wright up. Regards.

  14. Great content and well-researched. It seems every country past and present have had fingers in political pies at the cost of many lives. Some contend borderless countries are the answer, but the current flow of this militant Islam could be the downfall of any country. The US is quickly falling. I am unsure as to why Christians are so persecuted, and it’s beginning in this country (the US) albeit ‘light persecution,’ only a few killed or beheaded, but it’s on the rise and worries me as a peaceful person, why 90,000 people last year were killed for their Christian faith in the world, and why so much ugliness continues absolutely everywhere with militant/extremists who think it’s ok to murder anyone. That doesn’t include people of other beliefs. Pakistan is an arm of Afghanistan, and as Islamic countries take over, there go other faiths, freedoms.

    1. Well said, Claire. There should be space for everyone to exist peacefully. The problem starts when one ideology starts imposing itself on others and that too without their consent. Thanks for stopping by and kind words.

  15. I guess u can say the same for India too tbh, oppression by the majority etc, if the separation didn’t happen long ago a greater India (Pak, Sri Lanka etc) would be a mess now maybe like Africa today, they’re not belong together, yes they share many things but it’s better this way, maybe freedom for Baloch Kashmir Indian Muslim or those eastern Indian states would be much more better so both India and Pakistan can focus more on their economy

    1. Thank you so much, Bicara, for stopping by and giving your candid views. The issue here is not how the subcontinent has got divided into many countries but what has happened after the division. Instead of live and let live policy, unnecessary warmongering using every which way to destabilize nations around is a question staring at Pakistan. Their own doing may become their nemesis in times to come.

  16. Limited knowledge and suspicions are what I had and the saddening notion relations only served not to bolster the area’s but forever hobble then as backwaters is what I’m reading. False friends. As is usual to cover topics we must endure this understanding to find any forward. To me it isn’t which religion is there nor which leader as I eat just fine under obama trump or etcas to the leader of my area… but I see Syria explode yet we leave the area Iraq largely as if to support from a distance the conflict? Smelling dirty pool is a laugh. But what is not a laugh is eating so watching what is economy develop . So in many ways I’m more interested in economic directions based against how it must grow and can less easily be hijacked by powerful. Case in point wiki Liberia Africa where they could be better but a few own everything and honestly don’t care save for this power. So development is tricky. It’s easy to buy up the prosperity to ride a new court in. Yet the forward in a climate of all is important. Thanks for the backstory

    1. Thank you, Starman, for sparing your time and adumbrating such detailed analysis of the world geopolitics in few sentences. People with acumen like yours are needed at various strata in every country. It really pains me to see, how so very few have so much and then they distribute it to normal populace like Robinhood and get applauded for that. Do read my previous posts on ‘Infomation Warfare’ and ‘Africa’ give your views. It would be a delight to see you there.

    1. More than shameful, it is brutal. And the worst thing about it is that the oppressor has become a hero in the eyes of same people he brutalized. Thank you so much stopping by.

  17. So much praise to a post that is insulting to a whole nation is insulting in itslef. You are all smart enough to find Paquistani people “sanguinary and folish” and yet, fail to realize just how foolish that makes you all.

    1. Thank you so much, C Lopez, for taking your time out and expressing your views. I suppose you could not read the title correctly. The title is certainly not A Sanguinary Fool Country, but County of Sanguinary Fools. That small difference makes a big difference. Now you can tell us, what is incorrect in the whole narrative, which is based on historical facts and public knowledge. Warm regards.

      1. YOU are wrong, for starters. Trying to intelectualize your religious and social prejudices. May it be different then You being an idiot or an idiot being you? EVERY nation on earth has bloody chapters and crimes, but that you forget to write about eh? You poor sod, you may entrrtain like minded fools , but only contempt you’ll get from decent people, sadly no one but illiterate fools read your rants. I shall not waste any more time on you.

    1. Thank you, Siddhartha, for the kind words. I have gone through your fine post and given my feedback.

  18. My dear Sandy , An excellent paper ! Earlier it was China and now Pakistan !!! Agli kis ki baari hai !!
    Raghu

    1. Thank you, Raghu, for stopping by and kind words. My articles are based on unbiased historical facts and inputs from people in those countries. Something is very soon.

    1. Thank you, Parwati, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. You have an interesting blog going as well.

  19. Già il Pakistan nacque male, diviso in occidentale e orientale con l’India in mezzo: una costruzione artificiosa e pericolosa fino alla guerra che sancì l’indipendenza del Bangla Desh. Vedo i pakistani in Italia, molti sono brava gente, però molti fatti di sangue e cronaca nera li vedono protagonisti, specie quando le loro figlie si innamorano di ragazzi italiani, o vogliono vivere all’occidentale.

    Already Pakistan was born bad, divided into western and eastern with India in between: an artificial and dangerous construction up to the war that sanctioned the independence of Bangla Desh. I see the Pakistanis in Italy, many are good people, but many made of blood and crime do see them as protagonists, especially when their daughters fall in love with Italian boys, or they want to live western.

    1. Thank you so much, Almerighi, for sparing your time and penning down your thoughts. I agree if a person adopts a country as his/her own, they should adopt the culture and customs as well. Otherwise, they are wasting that nation’s time and effort in giving them shelter and a new life.

  20. OK! I am from Pakistan and have gone through your post but the picture you have portrayed is totally different from the one which I had observed and am observing. Furthermore, you yourself are claiming that your approach on these historical facts is unbiased and factual. But let me tell you a thing, this should be the reader’s job to decide the authentication of the post. Alleging a whole nation as a fool may satisfy your ego but my dear! This is not the case. We are the people who have sacrificed millions of lives in war on terror, we are the people who erected this building merely from ashes. No matter where we are standing, how far behind we are from other nations, but WE LEARN TO STAND. So next time proclaiming the whole nation as a fool please do keep the sentiments of others in your mind. Penning the loath is easy, when even you haven’t witnessed it, but bearing the pain is difficult!!!

    1. Thank you so much, Hinna, for stopping by and expressing your views. At the outset my apologies if you felt I am calling the whole nation fool. That’s not the case. That was for a set of people who have put your country in the harm’s way by pursuing their own agenda. Now please don’t fall for this set dialogue…. “We have sacrificed millions in the war on terror”. Who asked them to start interfering in Afghanistan and create safe havens for the Taliban. Who asked them to trouble Bangladeshi people and divide the nation. Who asked them to create trouble in J&K. Who asked them to interfere in Iran. Who asked them to indulge in Indian Punjab. These leaders and generals of your country who have given this false notion to the whole nation that they are doing everything in the interest of the nation, these are the sanguinary fools I am talking about. They don’t want you to know the reality. I am happy that young people like you want to know reality and not just what fake local leaders tell you. I am also glad that you have feelings for the country you live in. Many a times people live in a country, use it’s resources and every other facility, but still curse the same country. Keep it up.

      1. Thank you so much for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. Yes, indeed you are right. It was an American proxy war against Communism. Pakistani Generals jumped into it to rub shoulders with big boys and get vainglory, putting its own populace in the harm’s way.

  21. This is interesting. Shamefully, I know so little of the deep background to Pakistan’s evolution. It’s good to have a ‘take’ on what is clearly a very complicated situation.

    1. Thank you so much for your kind words. Yes, I have been harsh but not for some selfish interest. There was pressure from some quarters to withdraw this article since it doesn’t go down well with a section of people. I had to take a stand in the interest of the same people who were opposing it. Regards.

  22. Well, what you say makes sense, however we never should underestimate the roll that Geo politically has taken place since the creation of Pakistan, mayor role players as the US, Russia, China, and even Great Britain had much to do with the Historical past of the region to make what’s the status quo of today.

    As for example the resurgence of theocratic Islam not a product in itself of the Muslims countries, but provoked in Washington to use as a tool of political puppets, to destabilize those who do not go along with the program set by Washington.

    US foreign policies had been characterized in the past since the inception of America as shortsighted, quick fixes to resolve the immediate problem, without caring for long term producing consequences, in fact the US policy if there is one, will be named:

    ‘Let’s do something now, to get what we want, and worry later, if something comes up, we will deal with it.’

    Despite the many times the dog they fed turns around and bite the hand that feeds him.

    The fact is since Pakistan inception the US has been a supporter of Pakistan, and the relation had soured multiple times, making a list will be too long, but they are well known, just to make friends all over again, not because America is a great forgiving friend, but because they stand on the Machiavellian policies, I talked before, and Julius Cesar well know maxim:

    The Latin phrase “Divide et impera” is as old as politics and war. Divide your enemy so you can reign.

    So despite their uneasy relationship, the United States today engages in extensive economic, social, and scientific assistance as well as vital military relations with Pakistan, while Pakistan continues to occupy a strategic position in the United States’ interests in Central and South Asia. The United States is the second-largest supplier of military equipment to Pakistan after China, and is one of Pakistan’s largest donors of foreign assistance.

    And meanwhile those ‘friends’ of Pakistan want to keep them as a destabilizing, and a brake to India, and other countries in the region, they will do, if it serves their interest.

    1. Alexander Pope once famously said, “I am his Highness’ dog at Kew; Pray tell me, sir, whose dog are you?”. Pakistani Generals and Politicians are foolish in their own sense because being subservient to the US earlier and China now solves their own purpose. As they say ‘nationalism is the last resort of a scoundrel’. It gives them the opportunity to siphon off funds in the name of war, and in turn that keeps the local populace busy keeping their attention away from important issues plaguing the country. All the serfs of Pakistan have their kids studying in the west and illegal booty stashed in the Swiss Banks, and poor countrymen keep blowing themselves up in the hope of utopia. Thanks for stopping by and sharing your vast and wonderful experience.

      1. I support people of any nation who want to live free, independent, and in peace.

        Just point to the obvious, meanwhile powerful foreign interest are at play, they will keep buying with money mercenary puppets to do their bid, for their own interest.

        I applaud anyone who may resist those interests, and fight for truth, and justice.

      2. Yes indeed, a large number of people suffer at the hands of the tyrants all over the world. Same tyrant when unable to solve problems pushes his own countrymen into the war, and those simpletons become slaves of their patriotism.

      3. I salute your attitude towards the world and the wellbeing of one and all. Hope someday this is understood by those who want to disrupt the world. Thank you so much.

      1. Yes Claire it an ongoing narrative, but playing in the hands of other countries for small gains has made South Asia most dangerous place in the world. The Generals of Pakistan have backstabbed India, Afghanistan and Iran every time there was hope for peace. Warm Regards.

    1. Thank you so much, Larry, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. It is not just living in Pakistan, but because of this country, countries around it are also suffering.

    2. larryzb – very small 2.3% Christian community in India as well (considered the third largest religion in India), seeing more violence, and not sure why, by Hindu extremists. Violence is everywhere. Getting worse every day, and one day it will all end.

      1. Thank you so much, Claire, for stopping by and expressing your views. Violence has no place in the civilized world, be it any religion. The topic was Pakistan and how the Generals and politicians have put their own people and the whole region in the harm’s way, for their selfish gains. Warm regards.

    1. Thank you so much, Rose, for the kind words. Appreciation coming from a polymath like you mean a lot.

      1. Writing fiction takes a lot of cognitive imagination and only gifted people have that.

  23. I am woefully uneducated on this area and it’s history. Thank you for the excellent article written in a manner everyone can understand.

    1. Thank you so much, Gina, for stopping by and appreciation. Hope to continue producing some quality work. Regards.

  24. Wow. I’m not very versed in history in regards to the Asian continent but the issue, conflict and result seems so similar to the history of the Africa continent. It’s really heartbreaking that as humans we continue to repeat history and make the same mistakes. Treating life as if it’s expendable! I would love to share something with you: shoot me an email bloominjourney@gmail.com
    Thanks for taking the time, effort and research to put this together! So glad I stopped by

    1. Yes, history has been bloody in every continent. One person got very upset about why I had written this blog calling people fools. I had to tell him that if some people are hell bent upon repeating past mistakes and killing people in the name of nationalism, religion or patriotism then surely they are fools. If you go down in the comments you would see him. He just didn’t agree. Once again thanks for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. Regards.

    1. Thank you so much, Sikiladi, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. It’s so sad that Generals and politicians are ready to sacrifice the future of people of their country for personal petty gains.

  25. I read your post thoroughly and with great interest, as well as the comments after. As several others have said, I was not taught this history when in school and so much of the history has changed since I’ve been in school anyway! But much of it is unknown to American schoolchildren…and adults. I find it cringeworthy – the violence and deaths all for the an ideology that makes no sense. Any ideology that pits one faith/ideal against another makes no sense. I do wish that you would include an “About” tab in this post, so we your readers know who you are and where your sensibilities come from. Thank you.

    1. Thank you so much, Pam, for your detailed review and fine comments. My background is such that I can’t write much about myself, and despite not writing about myself I got unsolicited calls and a few other things. You have a wonderful blog and I enjoyed it. Warm regards.

  26. Dear sandomina…your writing is very descriptive and thorough. However, your history is ‘Greek’ to me. I read most of your blog to familiarize myself with its content, but I couldn’t finish it. I do, however, wish you well, but I don’t think that is necessary by the looks of your comments…well over 140. Thanks so much for taking the time to visit my website and ‘like’ my latest blog on The Discipline of Worship. As you can see, I am a child of the King…Jesus Christ. May He bless you in your endeavors.

    1. Dear Fowler, thank you so much for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. You are doing a wonderful job. Warm regards.

  27. It really highlights how you have elaborated your writing with a subject so current and with palpable reality that at any moment it can trigger a greater conflict. It’s interesting to read you.

    1. Dear Macalder, thank you so much for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. You have a wonderful website and amazing fan following. Regards.

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