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Evolution of Cosmos: Courtesy pixabay


In the 1920s American astronomer, Edwin Hubble found galaxies beyond our own, and he recognized that they were racing away from us. This finding gave a helping hand to a Belgian physicist named George Lemaître. He theorized that the universe had begun from a single primordial atom. He named it ’The Big Bang Theory’. As the astronomy evolved scientists have come to realize that our universe could be one among many, like a petal in a flower, in this expanding cosmos. Brian Greene, is an American physicist, mathematician, and string theorist. He is the author of several books, and one of them is, ‘The Hidden Reality: Parallel Universes and the Deep Laws of the Cosmos’. In this book, Greene writes: “what we’ve thought to be the universe is only one component of a far grander, perhaps far stranger, and mostly hidden, reality.” And what a delicious irony it is that science, that model of sober investigation, is inexorably returning us to vistas so peculiarly like the deranged imaginings of our “superstitious” past.



The Big Bang theory had suggested that the universe began as an incredibly dense dot, only a few millimeters wide. Since there was no matter, there was no light. Then this dot(singularity) began to expand and cool at an extremely rapid rate. The present-day cosmos is over 13.7 billion years old. It is vast, cooler, and ever-expanding.

After Big Bang, many theories about the cosmos were floated. One idea that catches attention, is the notion of (mem)braneworld or parallel universes, that hover just out of reach of our own. This idea was proposed by Princeton University’s Paul Steinhardt and Neil Turok of the Perimeter Institute. The idea states that there could be many more dimensions to our world than the four-dimensional, space and time. Michio Kaku, a professor of theoretical physics at the City University, New York, believes there could be as many as eleven dimensions in multiverse. Brian Greene, describes this idea as the notion, that “our universe is one of potentially numerous ‘slabs’, floating in a higher-dimensional space, much like a slice of bread within a grander cosmic loaf.” These extraordinary ideas shocked the world, but in the battlefields of Mahabharata, Shree Krishna gave a glimpse of this grand design to the Arjuna. In Bhagavad Gita, he stated, ”each limb of mine is a different universe.”

Michio Kaku believes that our universe may be connected to an umbilical cord, and through that umbilical cords, other parallel universes could be connected. Here is a link to his video, on YouTube:


Artist’s Impression of Multiverse


Indian philosophy of cosmic evolution is based on the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and, Shiva. However, we miss out on one very important element which is complementing this Trinity, ‘The Sheshnag’. ’Shesh‘ in Sanskrit means ‘that which remains’ and ‘Naga’ means snake, symbolizing energy, in Indian philosophy. So when these two words, shesha & naga are put together we are left with ‘ANANDHA’(another name for Sheshnag). Anandha means the endless one, the ultimate energy or singularity. The sum total of all the energies in the universe is made up of and is contained in Sheshnag. Bhagavata Purana addresses Sheshnag as ‘SANKARSHANA’, meaning Gravitational Force, and Lord Vishnu as ‘SHANTAKARAM’ which means peaceful form who is unaffected even when resting on the thousand-headed snake, Sheshnag, controlling the singularity. When the Sheshnag uncoils, time moves forward and creation takes place since it controls the gravity. When the world is destroyed at the end of the Kalpa(period of time between the creation and recreation of a world or universe), we are left with only Anandha.

The idea of singularity brings to the fore the blackness since even light cannot escape the Black Hole. Description of the primordial state of the universe can be found in the Rig Veda:

At first, there was only darkness wrapped in darkness,

All this was only unillumined cosmic water,

That One which came to be, enclosed in nothing,

Arose, at last, born of the power of heat.

The Mandukya Upanishad talks about a term, called ‘Vishwaruchi’, which absorbs everything in the universe, the Black Hole. Indian scriptures ‘Vayupuran’ and  ‘Nasadiya Sukta’ also explain this Black(darkness), which represents total stillness or the complete absence of light, much like a black hole. The primordial source of creation known as Bindu in Yogic terminology is identical to the singularity in astrophysics. The Buddhist philosopher, Nagarjuna had deeply contemplated the significance of Shunyata or emptiness. In his belief, everything in the universe is empty in the absolute analysis. As per Nagarjuna, the entire universe originated from Shunyata!



Brahma’s Manifestation from Vishnu’s Navel

As per Bhagavata Purana, this singularity is also called ‘Hiraṇyagarbha’ (literally the ‘golden womb’ or ‘golden egg’, poetically translated as ‘universal germ’). This is the source of the creation of the universe or the manifested cosmos as mentioned in the Indian philosophy. Vishvakarma Sūkta of Rig Veda projects the “primeval womb” as being rested, set upon the navel of Vishnu. Puranas explain that at the time of manifestation, a Lotus sprang out of the navel of Vishnu. Due to its expansion from a Singularity (a hyper-massive black-hole of infinite mass and infinitesimal size), the Universe indeed looks like a lotus. The stem of the lotus could be the umbilical cord of the universe, which was suggested by Prof. Michio Kaku in his hypothesis. Even the petals of lotus could be considered as multiverses, as being suggested by the physicists, propagating ’Multiverse Theory’.

Thus the ’Lotus that sprang from the navel’ or ‘Brahmanda‘, the ‘Egg of Brahma’ in which Brahma resides, is the same as our ‘Universe’ itself. The etymology of the word ‘Vishnu’ means ‘that which expands (vis:- expand)’. The etymology of the word ‘Brahma’ means ‘that which is big or that which has expanded (Brh:- expand, grow, large)’. At this juncture, it would be good to clear a misconception about Brahma. Brahma did not create the world, but it manifested itself into a world.



Shiva’s Tandav: The Dance of Annihilation

The Big Crunch is one of the strategies predicted by scientists, in which the Universe may end. Like most of the others, this is also based on Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity. The Big Bang describes how the Universe most possibly began, and the Big Crunch describes how it will end, as a consequence of that beginning.

The theory says that the Universe’s expansion, which is due to the Big Bang, will not continue forever. Instead, at a particular point in time, it will stop expanding, and collapse into itself, pulling everything with it until it eventually turns into the biggest black hole ever. Well, we all know how everything is squeezed when in that hole. Hence the name Big Crunch.

What happens then? In Indian traditions, Shiva is known as ‘Samhara’, the literal meaning of which is, annihilation. However, Samhara has another meaning, Contraction. This fits very well with the Big Crunch theory. During Samhara, matter breakdowns into finer elements until only a single substance, perhaps, just pure existence is left. As per Mandukya Upanishad, at this time Sheshnag coils back, and the Universe ceases to exist. The night of Brahma begins.

The universe represented by Brahma is not a permanent universe, it is temporary. As per Vedas, Brahma lives for 100 years and then dies. A new universe (Brahma) is born and a cycle of 100 years continues. A Brahma Kalpa(day), is of the duration of 4.32 billion solar years.

For now, Brahma symbolizes our universe which has birth and death, akin to a big bang and a big crunch. Vishnu represents the infinity that lies beyond our universe which has no birth or death and that which is everlasting! Many such universes like ours exist in Vishnu. Vedas say that thousands of Brahmas have passed away! In other words, this is not the first time universe has been created and not the last time.

The idea behind this research was to make the readers realize that how much science is existing in the ancient Indian scriptures. This is the exact reason western scientists and philosophers gorged over these scriptures for centuries. Probably they got inspired by these ideas, and gave their own hypothesis based on these scriptures. Naysayers may say that these ancient prognoses have no proof of certainty. However, the same is the case with the modern theory of cosmos. They are all theories. Even if the ancients had created a science fiction, then that is a hell of a science fiction, proposed over 4000 years ago, with an uncanny resemblance to modern-day hypotheses.


    21. Rig Veda by Ralph T. H. Griffith
    22. Mandukya Upanishad by Swami Sarvananda
    23. History of Ancient India by Upinder Singh
    24. Parallel Worlds by Michio Kaku
    25. The Hidden Reality by Brian Greene
    26. Srimad Bhagavatam by Kamala Subramanium

266 thoughts

  1. Wonderful article.
    A great read.
    Do write more on hinduism.

    This is the major difference of hinduism and other beliefs. Most religions fight science. Hinduism is science.

    1. Thank you so much, Ishaan. Always a pleasure to get a review from you. This topic, as I told you earlier, is my passion. So will keep digging and keep writing.

  2. Interesting read ! Never imagined the modern day theory of cosmos can be related to mythology eg Vedas n Upanishads. Have to read again n again to get into this philosophy. Thanks for sharing .

    1. Thank you so for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. Though I would just add one thing, that what world calls mythology, is actually our history and ancient culture.

      1. Indeed it’s our history and culture inherited by us and should be further shared with the gen-next. Thanks for sharing your views.

  3. Is is possible the Hindu texts are simply ways to remember the science, then transmogrified into religion? I think we both agree that most tend to underestimate the depth of knowledge in the ancient world. This is a really interesting comparison.
    I have had a few discussions with Muslims who would use a few verses in the Quran to illustrate scientific knowledge, but nothing as straight and in-depth as this seem to be.
    For a long time I’ve compared if any biblical idea could ever supplanted a scientific discovery? It doesn’t have it. But here I see the Hindu texts may have that ability to lead science with an accurate , more advanced starting point.
    Thanks for another stellar post. I’m giving you a billion points!

      1. It is such a pleasure. These words coming from a deep thinker of your standing is an honor. Thank you so much for stopping by and sharing your thoughts.

    1. Trying to answer your first query, that has actually 2 parts :

      Firstly, usually it takes visualization and poetic rhythms for a human brain to memorize easier than complex high dimensional equations and prosaic definitions/theories, in science.

      Secondly, by the phonetic resemblance of the words,
      “India” the country,
      “Hindu” the religion,
      “Indus Valley” the excavated civilization,
      it is probable that Hinduism is not a religion at all but merely a name assigned by visitors so as to address/refer the people settled by Indus water source.

      After all, a religion is one that is following a prophet who brings/founds the religion. Wonder, who is the founder of Hinduism !

      1. Thank you. Growing up here in the states the perspectives are horribly skewed (we’re the smartest and best at everything and the most advanced) only when I started to travel did I see things are much different than I was taught. This has a certain elegance to it, but like I’ve said in the past, the truth would be true for a “believer” or non believer alike. This is interesting and requires no belief, but discovery.

      2. Jim, you have brought it out very elegantly that how we are conditioned to see the world. As you have highlighted, truth always prevails. It is a pleasure to see such a fine discussion.

      3. You are absolutely correct, Hinduism is not a religion, but a way of life. There is no founder of Hinduism. It is collective wisdom, and no one can claim ownership of Hinduism. In fact, if one goes deeper, one finds that there is no God but Param Atma, the Supreme Soul, which is the collective soul, at the time of Singularity.

    2. Thank you so much, Jim, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. It’s always a pleasure to get a review from a person with a vast knowledge base and acumen. India lost a lot of precious scriptures in the 12th-century invasion from Turkey and Central Asia. The World’s biggest university of that time, along with its seven-story library was burnt down forever. It is my quest to dig deeper and bring out the lost heritage, and I sincerely hope, I succeed.

    1. As always, a pleasure to learn that you have enjoyed my write-up. Thank you so much for stopping by and sharing your thoughts.

  4. A lot of ancient knowledge of ours is unavailable to us today because of the continuous invasions and their reigns, we suffered. The McCaulay reforms only hastened it.

    Today, Sanskrit has been weaponized by certain organisations who think it is a political tool. The loss of Sanskrit makes us unaware of what our ancestors theorised in various fields of science. We are not taught the Charaka Samhita in biology, Baudhayana and Aryabhatta in mathematics, nor are references from the Vedas taught in science. I feel that we need to relearn Sanskrit to understand our ancient knowledge.

    1. Very nicely adumbrated. Yes, we have to revisit Sanskrit. It is shameful that many western universities are teaching Sanskrit and out own universities are shutting down Sanskrit departments due to lack of students. Thank you so much, Hardik, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts.

  5. Very good read this. Have been always fascinated with the science of our being and of everything, and it becomes incredibly interesting if looked through Vedic lense. I firmly believe, our forefathers knew much more than what we know today, just that they had a different language than the modern science.

    1. Thank you so much, Shailendra, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. Yes indeed, I also used to get fascinated, by these facts, since childhood. I have been at it, on and off, pursuing my passion. There are many layers in the whole philosophy, and I am just scratching the surface.

      1. Yes, the most beautiful part is how it resolves paradoxical situations. Curiosity is what it takes… good luck. Shall be waiting to benefit through your wise writings.

  6. While I have so many variant opinions about most aspects mentioned, I agree that I will fail to offer a better explanation. For I haven’t read any of the modern theories also. For one, I would never be able to read some ‘ominous’ book about ‘Deep Laws of Cosmos’.
    Particularly enjoyed ‘the delicious irony of science returning us to deranged superstition era’. And the closing line of the blog.
    In my case your piece did help me realise how insignificant my existence is🙂

    1. Thank you so much, Vijay, for stopping and sharing your thoughts. We are all learning and putting our strengths behind the areas of strength. Here we are comparing two giants, modern science and ancient wisdom. I hope, I could do a modicum of justice, in the ocean of knowledge. It is indeed always a pleasure to get a review from you.

    1. Thank you so much for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. It was a tough task to dig out information from various scriptures and then seal them together to give a uniform shape and narrative. I am glad that you liked it.

      1. I will look you up next time when I come to Bali. How is the situation there as of today?

      2. Sounds great. Looking forward meeting you some day. Hopefully, we soon can travel again.

        Bali is on Lockdown like everywhere. Resticted permission to go out, restriction on travelling. Airports are basically closed, one can only get visa at embassy and needs a health certificate. We hope it turns back to normal soon.
        A few people decided to stay here during this difficult time, specially people who got stranded. It is basically impossible to get to Europe or USA. Many of the few flights get cancelled on last minute.

        We need to be patient and keep our spirits high. Lots of time for roaming in WordPress finding interesting reads and writing articles yourself.

      3. You are absolutely correct. My heart goes out to those downtrodden, who cannot afford this lockdown, due to economic reasons. I hope people around the globe are looking after such people.

      4. People here help on smal scale. The government reduced taxes, offers reduction of electricity for the poor. Some places organize food distribution. Luckily, a lot of people still possess the knowledge of the elders and know to find edible food in the forests.

      5. That is heartening to know. Here in India, we have completed just two weeks of lockdown and people are getting anxious. If this stretches beyond four weeks, I just wonder what poor and elderly with medical conditions would do. Are organizations and individuals paying salaries(without work and business) to all employees in Bali?

      6. I can imagine how difficult it must be in India. Just thinking of all the poor people, the ones basically living on the street or in small shags. It must be very hard…
        Here, some people get help from their employers but many also lost their job. I dont think that the government is replacing salaries. Here in Bali and Lombok we are on Lockdown for 3 weeks now. More and more we hear from people asking for money. I hope the government will start distribute rice and basic needs to the people. I think the president of Indonesia is aware of the difficult situation and is working out a plan. My Indonesian is not very good, therefore, I usually get the news delayed.
        How is the Indian governement coping with the situation? I see pictures from Delhi and other places with clean air. Nature is recovering… But, then we heard also from all these people leaving the big cities to go home to their villages and the chaos is created. My love goes out to all of you in India. Let’s hope that things improve fast.
        Take care of yourself and your family.

      7. Till now, it has been managed very well, except for two occurrences. First was, the exodus of migrant workers from the big cities, though, luckily that did not result in any big spread. The second was, a religious congregation in Nizamuddin New Delhi, which resulted in 30% of India’s positive cases. Big business houses, as well as individuals, are coming up with financial and other help, in big numbers. I hope the spread doesn’t get to the lower strata of people.

      8. Absolutely correct. And over 2000 are due to some religious sect called Tablighi Markaz. They are not listening to the government’s advice, and their leader has asked them to spread it across India.

  7. Every single line in this article is like a lantern of knowledge here.. Our existence starting from single primordial atom to what exists today is a beautiful journey well explained. We have been hearing about earth resting on Seshnag.. The same is explained conceptually… Great article worth reading and sharing ahead… 🙏

  8. A wonderful topic and so concisely covered by you, sir! We always move from the known to the unknown,… and to me this is a step in that direction. This has served to fulfill one of your purposes though, to kindle in us a curiosity, which will itself stoke our epistomological fires. Much is lost in translation, and more in interpretation over the ages. I think you will force me to concede that,… The truth is not out there. It is within.

    Thank you for your deep research and gripping presentation!

    1. Thank you so much, Sandesh, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. Socrates, once famously said, “The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.” That is what we all are foraging for, all over the universe. Ancients believed that as much the world is outside that much it is inside. That is the exact reason Dhyana and Samadhi are the highest of the ways, pervading our vistas.

  9. Very interesting read. The quantum of research which has gone into it is evident
    Especially liked the portion that all theories are akin to science fiction.
    In fact I argue why should we take validation from Big Bang Theory. Our scriptures may hide the ultimate truth which science may validate in future
    Just a thought🙂

    1. A lot of our work(scriptures) we’re lost, when the invaders from Tukey and Central Asia attacked and burnt down the Nalanda University. That was the biggest university of its time, attracting students from all over the world. Never the less, whatever was left behind was also gobbled up by the westerners when they realized the treasure hidden in those books. The last 1000 years have been the darkest, in every which way. Thank you so much, Ajay, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts.

  10. I can sense a link between this topic and the previous one about Indian philosophy. Some of the schools of ancient Indian philosophy had speculated about the origin of the universe The wondrous thing is that these were all observations and thoughts without observation or experimentation or the use of modern astronomical instruments. The sheer breadth of knowledge available in the ancient texts actually makes us want to believe that they are of divine origins. Some of the texts mention that Shiva’s tandava will spell the destruction of each universe after 100 years of Brahma.
    You have in a short essay brought out the essence of the Big Bang and the Big Crunch as seen through Indian philosophy However it is my belief that the Indian theory emphasised Steady State theory of the expansion of the Universe and not a Big
    Well written and congratulations

    1. Thank you so much, Madhu, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. Steady-state expansion as a theory has not been accepted by many physicists. The misconception has been that Brahma is the creator of the world, however, scriptures are very clear that Brahma manifests itself into the Universe or Multiverse. Since we lost a lot of scriptures in the invasion and burning of Nalanda University, in the 12th century, a lot of commentaries also got lost in that inferno. So we have to keep digging to see, how much more light we can throw on this abstruse subject. I know, I am just scratching the surface.

  11. Reading your articles is gravitating me towards spirituality, the narrative is building up a sense of understanding of the unknown that was documented many eras away. Please continue to unravel the mystique of the ancient texts.

    1. Thank you so much, Atul, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. It was a tough task to dig out information from various scriptures and then seal them together to give a uniform shape and narrative. I also double-checked the etymology with Sanskrit Shabdkosh, to avoid any wrong translation.

  12. Very interesting and fascinating article. A lot of research and analysis goes into producing such a balanced writing on mysterious subjects. Your versatile approach in writing on widely varying topics is praiseworthy.

    My limited contribution…

    We as humans, are limited by our cognitive thinking. As you may agree, we are trying to find the truth hidden in multiple layers of science, spiritualism, philosophy, logic, ancient scriptures etc.. But the only limited tool we have to achieve this mission is, our intellectual mind.

    From time immemorial, we as humans, have been keeping our hope alive that one day we will be able to unravel the supreme secret of this universe or whatever name we may give it.

    Yes, hope is life. More and more philsophical, spiritual, logical and scientific theories would keep evolving till the mankind exists. More the answers we try to seek, more the questions we encounter in our journey together to reach the truth. But the journey is fascinating…

    In my view, inquisitiveness to explore the unexplorable through our spiritual and scientific minds etc.. would continue forever..till the supreme secrets unravel themselves..

    Thanks for your lovely perspectives..sandy.

    1. Thank you so much, Mohan, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. Always a pleasure to get a review from you. I have been exploring the unknown for a long time and used to pride over my knowledge until I started to research this topic. It humbled me since I either didn’t know many concepts or had misconceptions in my mind. Today I know I have just scratched the surface of this vast topic. There is a lot to know, and there is a lot to learn.

  13. Big Bang looks a lot like another myth to me, couched in scientific terms with made-up ideas when things don’t fit right. But my biggest reservation with it is that it seems to be couched in the belief – interpretation – perspective of linear time. Also, I don’t really see a Creator beyond – yet imminent – in all that.

    Still, good summary of some philosophical/mythical ideas!

    1. Vedas talk about no God but the collective consciousness. The Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva Trinity has not been addressed as Gods but a process only. At the time of singularity, it is only pure energy is existing, and nothing else. Neither I have written Vedas nor the modern cosmos, so I have drawn conclusions from whatever is documented. I could be completely wrong. However, a large number of scientists have committed on record that they have drawn inspirations from these oldest scriptures of humanity.

    1. Thank you so much, Piyush, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. It was a risky topic, and generally, I keep it to myself, because it raises unnecessary controversies. However, I was sure that a lot of scientists have taken inspirations from Vedas, and they would come to my rescue.

      1. There’s no problem in sharing these thoughts… There’s no absolute truth… We all observe it through different perspective.. Model dependent realism… So don’t be afraid of sharing.. Keep sharing

      2. In my previous article, I have written about Jainism, ‘Jain philosophy were founded by Mahavira, and the basic principle is an anekantavada(many-sidedness), the idea that truth is recognized differently from different points of view, and that none of the views are entirely true.’

  14. Interesting thoughts Sandomina. Gets the mind swirling in different directions. I often close my eyes and try to visualize the infinity of the universe. I’ve always pictured it as a circle within a circle within a circle. Just off to Amazon to check out Brian Greene. Thanks for opening my mind.

    1. Oh, you got it so right. I have been visualizing the universe and its creation since childhood. What I have concluded in my article may be true, or may not be true. As Jainism founder, Mahavira said, ”The basic principle of Jainism is an anekantavada(many-sidedness), the idea that truth is recognized differently from different points of view, and that none of the views are entirely true.” Lastly, I shall seek a commission, from Brian Greene, on his sales earnings… Haha

      1. I have no idea, but I can’t access it. Are others also facing a similar problem?

  15. Sandeep…. great beginning in exploring the universe & multiverse theory and connecting it with Vedic culture / Puranas of Bharat. Ancestors of our great nation must have had a thorough knowledge of the fact of seven universes (multiverses) as they have described it in Puranas, more than 2000 years ago. It’s the belief of the existence of many universes controlled by Lord Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu, otherwise, these Puranas would not have mentioned about them. Astronomy and Astrology were intertwined together in the Vedic culture of the Bharat and I am sure your post would trigger ample interest in the mind of many to explore the great culture of India. Thanks and best regards and safe life amidst prevailing COVID 19 threat.

    1. Thank you so much, Ramki, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. Here we are comparing two giants, modern science and ancient wisdom. I hope, I could do a modicum of justice, in the ocean of knowledge. It is indeed always a pleasure to get a review from you. It was a tough task to dig out information from various scriptures and then seal them together to give a uniform shape and narrative. I also double-checked the etymology with Sanskrit Shabdkosh, to avoid any wrong translation.

  16. Thanks for the tremendous article with great insights.It was like a research with lot of exploratory work !I was benefitted. Keep up the good work,Sir .

    1. That is very kind of you. It was indeed a tough, to dig out information from various scriptures and then seal them together to give a uniform shape and narrative. I am glad that you liked it. Warm regards.

  17. Such deep knowledge is truly remarkable. I owe you a salute. great work on the go. All the vedas, scriptures summed up in one along with black hole hypothesis is commendable. keep it up.

    1. Thank you so much, Gargi, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. This is not all the wisdom hidden in Vedas, but a very small part of the whole reality. It was indeed a tough task to dig out information from various scriptures, and then seal them together, to give a uniform shape and narrative. I am glad that you liked it.

      1. Absolutely, however, I do not take these scriptures as pure mythology. These are a lot of ancient civilizations and histories hidden, in those mysteries.

    1. Thank you so much, Aruna, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. How is it going during this lockdown period? Stay safe!

  18. Fascinating. I listen to lectures by Shri Bannanje Govindacharya on our Vedas, Puranas and so much more on YouTube. He is a great Sanskrit scholar. His lectures are in Kannada. There is so much to learn from our past. Thank you for sharing.

    1. Thank you so much, Lakshmi, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. It would be a pleasure to listen to him, though my Kannada is not that good.

  19. Fascinating. I listen to lectures on our Vedas, Puranans and so much more by Shri Bannanje Govindacharya. There is so much to learn from our past. His lectures in Kannada are in Youtube.

      1. Yes, I could not see my first comment , I thought it was not getting published. So I posted again 🙂 Thank you for your articles. I am going to read the others.

  20. Bonjour

    Pâques est un moment fort dans l’année, surtout lorsqu’on se réunit en famille pour une belle fête chaleureuse
    Cette année sera différente avec la propagation de ce virus qui nous sépare de nos enfants , petits enfants et amis ( IES )
    Et pour tous ceux qui sont touchés par cette maladie
    Ceux qui ont un proche à l hôpital
    ceux qui en ont perdu un membre de la famille ou un ami
    Toutes les personnes qui ne pourront être auprès de leurs enfants qui seront au chevet des malades et autres
    Je vous souhaite, à toi , à vous et à vos proches, de passer de très belles fêtes de Pâques
    En attendant des jours meilleurs

    Bisous Bernard

    1. Merci beaucoup, Bernard, pour vos aimables voeux. J’espère que vous êtes en sécurité et que vous prenez soin des nécessiteux en ces temps très éprouvants et stressants.

      1. You have awesome comics in your blog. You should get more recognition.

    1. You are absolutely correct. From a scientific as well as a philosophical point of view, it makes look so small.

    1. Thank you so much, Meenakshi, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. It was indeed a tough task to dig out information from various scriptures and then seal them together to give a uniform shape and narrative. I also double-checked the etymology with Sanskrit Shabdkosh, to avoid any wrong translation.

      1. It was my good fortune that I landed here today. My soul always feel hungry for such reads. I read Vedanta treatise and many other books that are source of ancient literature. Your wisdom and hardship is clearly visible in this article. I would like to read more. So thought of exploring your blog. One post one day to soak the knowledge. It is vast and mind opener. Thank you once again.

    1. Thank you so much, Deepak, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. We always feel that as time progresses human beings keep getting more and more intelligent. We forget time is the only reality and is eternal in this world. There is no end or beginning for time. So it is beyond today’s human being to perceive that a much smarter human race in the past could have had a better understanding of the manifestation of the world.

  21. I read this a few days ago and have come back to it. WoW! just WoW! for lack of better words 🙂 During this time I find myself leaning towards more scientific articles to ground me rather than medio hyped fear…and also going back to my spirituality. Amma (Mata Amritanandamayi) is my source of inspiration for the past 7 years but even moreso these days. Thank you for your thought provoking article.

    1. Thank you so much for your kind words. It was a tough task to dig out information from various scriptures and then seal them together to give a uniform shape and narrative. I also double-checked the etymology with the Sanskrit dictionary, to avoid any wrong translation.

      1. I can only imagine the hard work put into this and know that it is much appreciated by your readers. The only Sanskrit I know are a few mantras and the one my guru gave me. I wish we would have kept Latin in our churches…made it a universal language.

      2. It was a tough task to dig out information from various scriptures and then seal them together to give a uniform shape and narrative. I am glad that you liked it. I always believed that our ancient languages and Scriptures had much more depth than we understand them.

  22. Dear Sir, I am in awe of how this post evolved from science to ancient wisdom. I admit my lack of understanding of your religion and gods so that also added another layer of difficulty for me. Despite the topics you managed to write in a way that is encourages understanding. I have not read a blog similar to yours. I also see that you have many comments and in my opinion it is a recognition that you are connecting to your readers. Best wishes – David

    1. Dear Sir, thank you so much for taking your time out and giving your valuable review. What you refer to as religion. I would call it philosophy, since there was no religion in this part of the world, till other religions came in. That is the reason there is no word for religion in the South Asian languages. In fact, you would be further confused, since the concept of God is also unlike how the rest of the world thinks. Of course, the concept got corrupted due to the outside influence. But I must tell you one thing, that these scriptures I am referring to, are not just Indian. They belong to humanity, since they are the oldest existing scriptures in the world, and belong to one and all.

      1. I apologize for my lack of understanding. I appreciate you assisting me to learn.

        In my opinion the time, research and effort of your posts lends support to my suggestion you divide your posts into multiple ones as in a series; digestible chunks for the reader in a sense.

      2. You are absolutely correct. So many times I have cut down my research work of 10-15000 words to 15-1800 words. That doesn’t give a full picture or an insufficient idea.

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