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Evolution of Cosmos: Courtesy pixabay


In the 1920s American astronomer, Edwin Hubble found galaxies beyond our own, and he recognized that they were racing away from us. This finding gave a helping hand to a Belgian physicist named George Lemaître. He theorized that the universe had begun from a single primordial atom. He named it ’The Big Bang Theory’. As the astronomy evolved scientists have come to realize that our universe could be one among many, like a petal in a flower, in this expanding cosmos. Brian Greene, is an American physicist, mathematician, and string theorist. He is the author of several books, and one of them is, ‘The Hidden Reality: Parallel Universes and the Deep Laws of the Cosmos’. In this book, Greene writes: “what we’ve thought to be the universe is only one component of a far grander, perhaps far stranger, and mostly hidden, reality.” And what a delicious irony it is that science, that model of sober investigation, is inexorably returning us to vistas so peculiarly like the deranged imaginings of our “superstitious” past.



The Big Bang theory had suggested that the universe began as an incredibly dense dot, only a few millimeters wide. Since there was no matter, there was no light. Then this dot(singularity) began to expand and cool at an extremely rapid rate. The present-day cosmos is over 13.7 billion years old. It is vast, cooler, and ever-expanding.

After Big Bang, many theories about the cosmos were floated. One idea that catches attention, is the notion of (mem)braneworld or parallel universes, that hover just out of reach of our own. This idea was proposed by Princeton University’s Paul Steinhardt and Neil Turok of the Perimeter Institute. The idea states that there could be many more dimensions to our world than the four-dimensional, space and time. Michio Kaku, a professor of theoretical physics at the City University, New York, believes there could be as many as eleven dimensions in multiverse. Brian Greene, describes this idea as the notion, that “our universe is one of potentially numerous ‘slabs’, floating in a higher-dimensional space, much like a slice of bread within a grander cosmic loaf.” These extraordinary ideas shocked the world, but in the battlefields of Mahabharata, Shree Krishna gave a glimpse of this grand design to the Arjuna. In Bhagavad Gita, he stated, ”each limb of mine is a different universe.”

Michio Kaku believes that our universe may be connected to an umbilical cord, and through that umbilical cords, other parallel universes could be connected. Here is a link to his video, on YouTube:


Artist’s Impression of Multiverse


Indian philosophy of cosmic evolution is based on the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and, Shiva. However, we miss out on one very important element which is complementing this Trinity, ‘The Sheshnag’. ’Shesh‘ in Sanskrit means ‘that which remains’ and ‘Naga’ means snake, symbolizing energy, in Indian philosophy. So when these two words, shesha & naga are put together we are left with ‘ANANDHA’(another name for Sheshnag). Anandha means the endless one, the ultimate energy or singularity. The sum total of all the energies in the universe is made up of and is contained in Sheshnag. Bhagavata Purana addresses Sheshnag as ‘SANKARSHANA’, meaning Gravitational Force, and Lord Vishnu as ‘SHANTAKARAM’ which means peaceful form who is unaffected even when resting on the thousand-headed snake, Sheshnag, controlling the singularity. When the Sheshnag uncoils, time moves forward and creation takes place since it controls the gravity. When the world is destroyed at the end of the Kalpa(period of time between the creation and recreation of a world or universe), we are left with only Anandha.

The idea of singularity brings to the fore the blackness since even light cannot escape the Black Hole. Description of the primordial state of the universe can be found in the Rig Veda:

At first, there was only darkness wrapped in darkness,

All this was only unillumined cosmic water,

That One which came to be, enclosed in nothing,

Arose, at last, born of the power of heat.

The Mandukya Upanishad talks about a term, called ‘Vishwaruchi’, which absorbs everything in the universe, the Black Hole. Indian scriptures ‘Vayupuran’ and  ‘Nasadiya Sukta’ also explain this Black(darkness), which represents total stillness or the complete absence of light, much like a black hole. The primordial source of creation known as Bindu in Yogic terminology is identical to the singularity in astrophysics. The Buddhist philosopher, Nagarjuna had deeply contemplated the significance of Shunyata or emptiness. In his belief, everything in the universe is empty in the absolute analysis. As per Nagarjuna, the entire universe originated from Shunyata!



Brahma’s Manifestation from Vishnu’s Navel

As per Bhagavata Purana, this singularity is also called ‘Hiraṇyagarbha’ (literally the ‘golden womb’ or ‘golden egg’, poetically translated as ‘universal germ’). This is the source of the creation of the universe or the manifested cosmos as mentioned in the Indian philosophy. Vishvakarma Sūkta of Rig Veda projects the “primeval womb” as being rested, set upon the navel of Vishnu. Puranas explain that at the time of manifestation, a Lotus sprang out of the navel of Vishnu. Due to its expansion from a Singularity (a hyper-massive black-hole of infinite mass and infinitesimal size), the Universe indeed looks like a lotus. The stem of the lotus could be the umbilical cord of the universe, which was suggested by Prof. Michio Kaku in his hypothesis. Even the petals of lotus could be considered as multiverses, as being suggested by the physicists, propagating ’Multiverse Theory’.

Thus the ’Lotus that sprang from the navel’ or ‘Brahmanda‘, the ‘Egg of Brahma’ in which Brahma resides, is the same as our ‘Universe’ itself. The etymology of the word ‘Vishnu’ means ‘that which expands (vis:- expand)’. The etymology of the word ‘Brahma’ means ‘that which is big or that which has expanded (Brh:- expand, grow, large)’. At this juncture, it would be good to clear a misconception about Brahma. Brahma did not create the world, but it manifested itself into a world.



Shiva’s Tandav: The Dance of Annihilation

The Big Crunch is one of the strategies predicted by scientists, in which the Universe may end. Like most of the others, this is also based on Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity. The Big Bang describes how the Universe most possibly began, and the Big Crunch describes how it will end, as a consequence of that beginning.

The theory says that the Universe’s expansion, which is due to the Big Bang, will not continue forever. Instead, at a particular point in time, it will stop expanding, and collapse into itself, pulling everything with it until it eventually turns into the biggest black hole ever. Well, we all know how everything is squeezed when in that hole. Hence the name Big Crunch.

What happens then? In Indian traditions, Shiva is known as ‘Samhara’, the literal meaning of which is, annihilation. However, Samhara has another meaning, Contraction. This fits very well with the Big Crunch theory. During Samhara, matter breakdowns into finer elements until only a single substance, perhaps, just pure existence is left. As per Mandukya Upanishad, at this time Sheshnag coils back, and the Universe ceases to exist. The night of Brahma begins.

The universe represented by Brahma is not a permanent universe, it is temporary. As per Vedas, Brahma lives for 100 years and then dies. A new universe (Brahma) is born and a cycle of 100 years continues. A Brahma Kalpa(day), is of the duration of 4.32 billion solar years.

For now, Brahma symbolizes our universe which has birth and death, akin to a big bang and a big crunch. Vishnu represents the infinity that lies beyond our universe which has no birth or death and that which is everlasting! Many such universes like ours exist in Vishnu. Vedas say that thousands of Brahmas have passed away! In other words, this is not the first time universe has been created and not the last time.

The idea behind this research was to make the readers realize that how much science is existing in the ancient Indian scriptures. This is the exact reason western scientists and philosophers gorged over these scriptures for centuries. Probably they got inspired by these ideas, and gave their own hypothesis based on these scriptures. Naysayers may say that these ancient prognoses have no proof of certainty. However, the same is the case with the modern theory of cosmos. They are all theories. Even if the ancients had created a science fiction, then that is a hell of a science fiction, proposed over 4000 years ago, with an uncanny resemblance to modern-day hypotheses.


    21. Rig Veda by Ralph T. H. Griffith
    22. Mandukya Upanishad by Swami Sarvananda
    23. History of Ancient India by Upinder Singh
    24. Parallel Worlds by Michio Kaku
    25. The Hidden Reality by Brian Greene
    26. Srimad Bhagavatam by Kamala Subramanium

266 thoughts

    1. Thank you so much for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. It was indeed a tough task to dig out information from various scriptures and then seal them together to give a uniform shape and narrative. I am glad that you liked it.

      1. Thank you so much for your kind words. I hope the concluding part would be out by the weekend.

  1. This is an amazing piece, I am rather exhausted just reading it.
    But food for much thought, certainly.
    Thank you for following Sound Bite Fiction.

    1. Thank you so much, Ceayr, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. It was indeed a tough and tiring task to dig out information from various scriptures and then seal them together to give a uniform shape and narrative.

  2. Interesting to compare parst of what you write here to this Tibetan thanka depicting Green Tara:

    “floating in a higher-dimensional space”

    “connected to an umbilical cord”

    “at the time of manifestation, a Lotus sprang out”

    “the Universe indeed looks like a lotus. The stem of the lotus could be the umbilical cord of the universe”

    “Even the petals of lotus could be considered as multiverses”

    1. Wow, this is awesome. Tara is the most powerful form of Shakti, who completes Shiva. I didn’t know about this aspect. Thank you so much. This is the beauty of interaction with the evolved souls.

  3. Wow, simply amazing. I believe that ancient scriptures have amazing scientific influence and teachings for our scientists. I also think that ancient scriptures have been written by philosophers who predicted much of what is taking place in the modern world today. Thank you for reading my poetry. I am truly glad because I find your blog so informative.

    1. Thank you so much, Shobana, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. Yes, indeed they had a vast knowledge of nature and it’s working. That is the reason that they could invent Yoga, some 3000 years ago, which specifically looks into each and every part of our internal and external existence.

      1. My pleasure my friend
        My spiritual journey began with my interest in astronomy and the infinite of creation

  4. Really it is very informative and strange information based on scientific research. Thanks to share to all. Regards. Dr S D Khan from India

    1. Thank you so much, Alka, for your kind words. I do a lot of research, and my articles take over a month to come to some shape. I am glad you enjoyed it. Do read my latest article on WW III. It is getting over 50000 views every day, from over 120 countries.

  5. This one came as a total surprise, having read the other posts. Kudos to your depth of knowledge, research and analytical skills.

  6. When you are born you inhale your first breath, everything grows. You exhale and rest. You do not face death. You face your next breath. This is the way of life. All life starts with a single seed. A single egg. Blossoms. Reproduces. Why would our universe, the cradle of life, not do the same?

    1. Oh, that’s so wonderfully brought out by you. Shiva Puran spells that out beautifully in so many different ways. Thank you so much, Onadanta, for stopping by and sharing your wonderful wisdom. Looking forward to hearing, and learning more from you.

  7. Interesting explanation, the ancient Hindu scriptures show the signs of remnants of a great civilization, most probably our ancestors were survivors of a global apocalypse. Their thinking was too scientific! Really scientific in many ways that they just fictionalized with fantastical creatures to entertain audiences maybe!

    1. You are so right in your deliberation. We, humans, are conditioned to reckon that time moves in a linear fashion. That is why we feel, that a person born in an earlier era can not be more advanced than we are today. But that is restricted thinking since time has no beginning and no end, is the only absolute reality.

    1. Thank you so much, Daneel, for stopping by and your kind words. I am glad that you liked it.

    1. Thank you so much, Alan, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. You have a wonderful blog, and I really enjoyed it.

  8. Amazing, and so illuminating thank you… you make sense of why it is said that so many scientists today are speaking in the same language as mysticism.
    And thank you for visiting my blog – a great compliment.

    1. I am honored and humbled by your kind words. I truly feel that my hard work has paid off.
      Warm regards.

  9. You tried to relate hypothesis of scientists to the Old Vedic injunction. You also mentioned the Sheshanag story that how it can be cause of creation and cited it from Bhagwat Puran. But if you read the same Bhagwat Puran, especially the first Canto(total 12) the source of creation is mentioned.
    In that three Vishnus are mentioned. 1. Karnodakshayi Vishnu 2. Garbhodakshayi Vishnu and 3. Kshirodakshayi Vishnu
    The first Vishnu resides in Causal Ocean and the creation of innumerable Universe is through his pores of the body when he exhales and same goes annihilated when he inhales. Each universe has its own Vishnu from whose Naval the Lotus stem comes out and Brahma becomes the first entity.
    Hope to get some substantial research in this regard.

    1. Thank you so much, Abhay, for stopping by and sharing this very relevant information. Actually, there is so much information scattered all over our Shastras that at times it becomes very difficult to assimilate all the information. My Sanskrit is very basic so I have to suffice with the translation and the version of that person who has translated. I am presently working on the China containment theory. Once I finish that I shall look into this.
      Do read my last two articles, they have created a record of sorts, at least for me.
      Warm regards.

      1. Yeah..That’s true the informations are so vast, varied and sometimes conflicting as well.
        I will surely read. You have very wonderful skill of articulation and you also put a lot of effort in writing them. All the best.

  10. The truth is all are just theories. Some 100 years after, might be, these theories will all be proved wrong like in the video the physicist mentioned.. Thank you for this insightful article. These topics are interesting due to their mysterious nature. Keep writing. Keep Smiling. Stay Safe.

  11. What an insightful article! Appreciate how it tries to connect the science and mythology.
    As per mythology, Vishu is the supreme consciousnesses, which in science is yet to be found whether there is indeed a conscious being creating all of it or is all this just energy and its natural manifestation. Thanks for the perspective though!

    1. Thank you so much, Ankit, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. I am glad that you liked it.

    1. Thank you so much, Kait, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. Finally, I could manage to get your attention. 😄

      1. But I understand, it is a big dilemma, whether to write, or read other blogs or reply to all the comments.

      2. It is! It’s a real job running a blog that’s well visited…but I love it and often times, as with your writing, I find a gem that is well worth the read!

      3. You are right, I love it too, but sometimes things go crazy when you get 20-30000 hits in a day, and 100 comments to answer, and still one has to look intelligent. 🤣🤣

  12. This topic always is alwsys fascinating, I get to know about many things through this, Thank you for sharing such amazing article 😊😊

    1. Thank you so much, Era, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. I am glad that you liked it.

    1. Thank you so much for stopping by. We are one hell of a force.
      Do spread the word about this article. Piss off as many ChiComs, as much possible.

  13. “each limb of mine is a different universe.” This is so mesmerising.
    These days I’m watching Vishnu Puran on DD National and I could connect so much!
    I didn’t know about the Big Crunch theory but your explanations with reference to Indian scriptures is just so amazing.
    In the end, the way you’ve justified the credibility of these scriptures is indeed very influencing. You’ve kindled the fire in me to read these texts that themselves contain a whole universe.
    I really appreciate your hard work in researching all these and delivering it to us!
    Many thanks.

    1. Thank you so much, Bhavya, for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. The problem with most of us is that we have lost touch with Sanskrit. Therefore we are dependent on English or other languages translation.
      There is a plethora of information hidden in our ancient scriptures, which we still don’t know. We are taught, right from the beginning, that time is a linear entity and that restricts our thinking. For us, as time progresses knowledge progresses. That is the reason we are unable to understand and accept how ancient knew so much more than us.

      1. Yes indeed! I’d taken Sanskrit in 10th and we’d only 13 students out of 233 who’d opted for Sanskrit!
        Even scientists believe that Sanskrit is the most efficient language for computers… And still in India there are less than 1000 people who can converse fluently in Sanskrit!
        I, my brother along with Mom have planned to learn Sanskrit once I’m done with my exams.
        That’s such an insightful argument about time. 😁
        We’d got nuclear bomb in Mahabharata! At that time, people themselves were technology. They would just close their eyes and could reach wherever they wanted to!
        Well, let’s just try to take the “Gyan” from them as much as we can.
        I highly appreciate your views sir!😇

      2. It’s been a pleasure interacting with you. You have clarity of thought and a very bright future.
        Do read my other articles, though most of them are related to geopolitics or technology.

  14. This is definitely one of the most informative post that I have ever read. All the ‘secrets’ and ‘mysteries’ are already been stated in our ancient Vedic texts. What modern scientists are discovering now has already been mentioned thousands of years ago. Sir, you are doing a fabulous job by educating the Indian youths about how rich and vast our Indian history is.👍👍

      1. I read your article and also left a comment there. Your articles are so well researched and articulated that it become so easy to grasp all the knowledge. Thank you so much Sir for writing such articles.

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